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Term Definition
伽毗罗《佛学大辞典》
(神名)神名,见“迦毗罗”条。
伽破诃罗《佛学大辞典》
(异类)夜叉名,译曰食孕。见孔雀王咒经上。Garbha-āhāra。
伽罗《佛学大辞典》
(植物)Tagara,多伽罗之略,香木名。

又黑沉香。谷响集七曰:“伽罗翻黑,经所谓黑沉香是矣。盖昔蛮商传天竺语耶,今名奇南香也。华严经云:菩提心者,如黑沉香,能熏法界,悉周遍故。又虚空藏经云:烧众名器坚黑沈水。”玄应音义一曰:“多伽罗香,此云根香。”慧琳音义三曰:“多揭罗,香名也。正云蘗啰,即零陵香也。”

伽罗夜叉《佛学大辞典》
(异类)智度论六十四曰:“伽罗夜叉,以拳打舍利弗头,舍利弗时入灭尽定,不觉打痛。”是行般若者,非人不能害之证也。梵Kālaka。
伽罗树《佛学大辞典》
(植物)陀罗尼集经十一曰:“欲除家内一切灾祸,取伽罗树枝,若无此木取石榴枝,寸截涂酥酪蜜,咒之一遍着火中。”案此为多伽罗之略称也。
伽罗陀《佛学大辞典》
(术语)菩萨之位名。译曰度边地。罗什译之仁王经下曰:“以六阿僧祇劫,集无量明波罗蜜故,入伽罗陀位,无相行,受持一切法。”吉藏疏五曰:“入伽罗陀者,此云度边地也。”

又(地名)Kharādīya,伽罗陀又作佉罗陀、佉罗帝耶、佉罗提耶,山名,译曰骡林山。十宝山之一,又七金山之一。佛在此山,说地藏十轮经,因而为地藏菩萨之住处。玄应音义二十一曰:“佉罗帝耶山,或云佉罗提耶山,或云佉罗帝山,皆一也,此云骡林山。”慧琳音义十八曰:“佉罗帝耶山,上羌伽反,梵语山名也,或译为骡林山,十宝山之一山也。亦是七金山之一数,接近须弥,高四万逾缮那。光味仙人,居住此山,习驴唇仙所传玄象列宿法。”地藏十轮经一曰:“一时薄迦梵,在佉罗帝耶山诸牟尼仙所依住处。”延命地藏经曰:“一时佛在佉罗陀山。”

伽耶《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Kāya,译曰身。名义集六曰:“梵有四名:一伽耶,二设利罗,三弟诃,四应伽,此云积集。”

又Gaya,译曰象。本行集经十二曰:“伽耶,隋言象王,仙名也。”名义集二曰:“伽耶,或那伽(Nāga),或那先,此云象。”

伽耶城《佛学大辞典》
(地名)西域记八曰:“渡尼连禅河至伽耶城,甚险固,少居人,唯婆罗门有千余家,大仙人祚胤也。”出城东南行,三里,大道坦坦,直至菩提道场。法华经涌出品曰:“如来为太子时,出于释宫,去伽耶城不远,坐于道场,得成阿耨多罗三藐三菩提。”成菩提之地,通常称为佛陀伽那Buddhagayā之地也。城名与正觉道场皆呼伽耶。
伽耶山《佛学大辞典》
(地名)新称羯阇尸利沙山,旧称伽耶山、伽阇山、伽种山等,译曰象头山。有二处,一在灵鹫山附近,一在菩提道场附近,见“羯阇尸利沙”条。西域记八,记近于菩提道场之伽耶山曰:“城西南五六里至伽耶山,溪谷杳冥,峰岩危险。印度国俗,称曰灵山。自昔君王,驭宇承统,化洽远人,德隆前代。莫不登封而告成功。”Gajasīrśa。
伽耶山顶经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)有二经:一秦罗什译之文殊师利问菩提经,一卷,又名伽耶山顶经。一元魏之菩提留支译之伽耶山顶经,一卷。此二本,与隋毗尼多流支译之佛说象头精舍经一卷,唐菩提流志译之大乘伽耶山顶经一卷,合为四译同本。佛初成道在伽耶山时,最初文殊菩萨问佛发菩提心之深义,次应诸天子等交相请问,而文殊自答种种之菩萨道者。
伽耶山顶经论《佛学大辞典》
(书名)文殊师利菩萨问菩提经论之异名,天亲作。
伽耶迦叶《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Gayākāśyapa,又作竭夷迦叶、伽耶迦叶簸,罗汉名。伽耶,译曰象城,三迦叶之一。光宅之法华疏一曰:“伽耶迦叶者,昔日亦是外道,其人事火,领五百徒众,住在伽耶城中。如来往化,即舍邪从正,得罗汉道。仍以本所住城为名也。”文句一下曰:“伽耶亦竭夷,亦象,此翻城,家在王舍城南七由旬。”名义集一曰:“孤山云:伽耶山名,即象头山也。文句翻城,近此山故。”不思议境界经上曰:“伽耶迦叶簸。”见伽叶条附录。
伽胝《佛学大辞典》
(衣服)Saṁghāti,僧伽胝之略,袈裟名,自九条至二十五条之袈裟也。可洪音义一曰:“胝丁尼反,袈裟名也。旧译云僧伽梨,此云复衣。从九条已上,至二十五条,皆名僧伽胝。”
伽若耶《佛学大辞典》
(人名)译曰瞎眼,女人名。见开宗记四本。Kāṇeyā。
伽蓝《佛学大辞典》
(术语)僧伽蓝摩Saṁghārāma之略,译曰众园。为僧众所住之园庭,寺院之通称也。见“僧伽蓝摩”条。
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