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Term Definition
伽蓝堂《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)寺内空虚之室,俗谓之伽蓝堂。
伽蓝神《佛学大辞典》
(神名)护卫伽蓝之神。佛说有十八神。释氏要览上曰:“七佛经云:有十八神护伽蓝:(一)美音,(二)梵音,(三)天鼓,(四)叹妙,(五)叹美,(六)摩妙,(七)雷音,(八)师子,(九)妙叹,(十)梵响,(十一)人音,(十二)佛奴,(十三)颂德,(十四)广目,(十五)妙眼,(十六)彻听,(十七)彻视,(十八)遍视。”伽蓝神,又单云伽蓝。敕修清规念诵曰:“伽蓝土地,护法护人。”同沙弥得度曰:“伽蓝土地,增益威光,护法护人,无诸难事。”或有寺院以汉将关羽为伽蓝神者。
伽蓝经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)佛为伽蓝国众人戒十恶,说慈悲喜舍之四安稳处。摄于中阿含三。
伽蓝鸟《佛学大辞典》
(动物)水鸟,鹅之大者。咽有袋,能贮水一升。
伽车提《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)Gacchati,译曰去。智度论四十七曰:“若闻车字,即知一切法无所去。伽车提,秦言去。”
伽那《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)Gaṇa,译曰密合。大日经疏七曰:“梵云伽那是密合义,如众微相合成一细尘,诸蕴相合成一身等。”

又译曰厚。智度论四十八曰:“若闻伽字,即知诸法不厚不薄,伽那秦言厚。”Ghana。

伽那提婆《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Kaṇadeva,见“提婆”条。
伽那那伽尼多《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)Gaṇanaganita,数名。本行集经十二曰:“百三蔓多罗婆,名伽那那伽尼多,隋数十柿。”
伽那那跋多书《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)六十四书之一,译曰算转。见本行集经十一。
伽那馥力刃《佛学大辞典》
(人名)龙树菩萨之梵名。见“那伽阏刺树那”条。
伽邪《佛学大辞典》
(术语)即伽耶。见伽耶项。
伽邻《佛学大辞典》
(地名)竹园名。见“迦兰陀”条附录。
伽闇《佛学大辞典》
(地名)山名。见“伽耶”条。
伽陀《佛学大辞典》
(饮食)Agada,阿伽陀之略,药名。六十华严经十曰:“譬如伽陀药,消灭一切毒。”探玄记六曰:“伽陀此云良药。”参照“阿伽陀”条。

又(术语)Gāthā,又作伽他。译曰句颂、孤起颂、不重颂。凡伽陀有二种:一通,不论颂文与散文(长行),凡经文之文字数至三十二字者,谓之为首卢伽陀Śloka。二别,必以四句而文义具备者,不问三言乃至八言等必要四句,是谓之结句伽陀。伽陀有此通别二种,因而通之伽陀,单译为句,别之伽陀,译为颂。次,结句伽陀之中又有二种:一单独结句以演法义,又赞叹佛德者,于十二部经中称之为伽陀,译为孤起颂,或不重颂。二前说之散文经义重结于伽陀者,于十二部经中称之为祇夜Geya,谓为应颂,或重颂。故伽陀之言,有二重之通别。嘉祥法华义疏三曰:“偈有二种:一首卢偈,凡三十二字。盖是外国数经之法,数经之法者,莫问长行与偈,但具三十二字,便名一首卢偈也。”净土论注曰:“偈是句数义。”(此首卢伽陀之释)。法华玄赞二曰:“梵云伽陀,此翻为颂,颂者美也、歌也,颂中文句极美丽故,歌颂之故,讹略云偈。”西域记三曰:“旧曰偈,梵文略也。或曰偈陀,梵音讹也。今从正音,宜云伽陀。伽陀唐言颂,颂三十二言也。”玄应音义二十三曰:“伽陀此方当颂,或言摄,言诸圣人所作,不问重颂字之多少。四句为颂者,皆名伽陀。案西国数经之法,皆以三十二字,为一伽陀,或言伽他,讹也。旧言偈者,亦伽陀之讹也。”(已上结句伽陀之总释)。大乘义章一曰:“伽陀此翻名为不重颂偈,直以偈言显示诸法,故名伽陀。”玄义一下曰:“孤起偈,说世界阴入等事,是名伽陀。”同六上曰:“伽陀者,一切四言五言七九等偈,不重颂者,皆名伽陀也。”法华玄论六之一曰:“伽陀此云不重颂,亦略云偈耳,四句为颂,如此间诗颂也。”(已上结句伽陀之别释)。

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