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Term Definition
四德波罗蜜《佛学大辞典》
(术语)波罗蜜为到彼岸之义,显事之究竟者。四德者常乐我净也。如来之法身,为四德之究竟处,故曰四德波罗蜜。普贤观经曰:“释迦牟尼名毗卢遮那,遍一切处。其佛住处名常寂光,常波罗蜜所成摄处,我波罗蜜所安立处,净波罗蜜灭有相处,乐波罗蜜不住身心相处。”
四心《佛学大辞典》
(名数)慈悲喜舍之四无量心也。见“四无量心”条。
四忉利交形《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)俱舍论十二颂六欲天淫欲之相。曰:“六受欲交抱,执手笑视淫。”此第一四王天与第二忉利天以男女交形为淫,第三夜摩天以相抱为淫,第四兜率天以执手为淫,第五乐变化天以相笑为淫,第六他化自在天以相视为淫。
四忍《佛学大辞典》
(名数)思益经四忍法品谓“菩萨有四法,出毁禁之罪:一得无生忍,一切诸法自性空寂本来不生也,菩萨证忍此法,则能出毁犯禁戒之罪。二得无灭法忍,一切诸法本为无生,故今亦无灭,菩萨证忍此法,则能出毁犯禁戒之罪。三得因缘忍,一切诸法皆依因缘之和合而生,无有自性,菩萨证忍此法,则能出毁犯禁戒之罪。四得无住忍,不住着于诸法,谓之无住,菩萨证忍此无住之法,则能超出毁犯禁戒之罪。案,是普贤观经所说实相忏悔之意也。【四忍】(名数)见“忍”条。
四忘《佛学大辞典》
(名数)忘一异等四句也。三论玄义曰:“三假为俗,四忘为真,会彼四忘故有三乘贤圣。”
四念住《佛学大辞典》
(术语)与四念处同。
四念处《佛学大辞典》
(名数)见四字部本条。
四念处观《佛学大辞典》
(术语)旧曰四念处,新云四念住。小乘行人于五停心观之后修四念处观也。依五停心以止行人之乱心,是为奢摩他,依四念处以发行人之观慧,是为毗婆舍那。一身念处,观身为不净也。身为父母所生之肉身,身之内外,污秽充满,无些净处,故观身为不净。二受命处,观受为苦也,受为苦乐之感,乐从苦之因缘而生,又生苦乐,世间无实乐,故观受为苦。三心念处,观心为无常也,心为眼等之心识,念念生灭,更无常住之时,故观无为常。四法念处,观法为无我也,法为除上三者所余之一切,法无自主自在之性,故观为无我。是就苦之一谛而修四念处也。吾人苦谛之依身,有此身受心法四义,故就身受心法,而观不净苦无常无我,次第破常乐我净之四种颠倒。故仅有四者而不增不减也。此四念处以慧为体,慧之力能使念身受心法所观之处,故名念处,又慧之力能使念住于所观之处,故名念住。俱舍论二十三曰:“依已修成满胜奢摩他,为毗钵舍那修四念住。”法华玄义三曰:“念处是观苦谛上四智,治于四倒。四倒不起,由此四观。”
四念珠《佛学大辞典》
(名数)念珠有四种。分上品,最胜,中品,下品之四数,如一千八十,百八,五十四,二十七是也。见“数珠”条。
四性行《佛学大辞典》
(名数)一自性行,菩萨自性,本来贤良,孝顺父母,信敬沙门,婆罗门,而具十善者。二愿性行,菩萨发心愿成道作佛者。三顺性行,菩萨顺六波罗蜜而修行者。四转性行,因修行之功转凡成圣者。见佛本行集经一。
四怨《佛学大辞典》
(名数)烦恼魔,死魔,阴魔,天子摩之四魔也。行事钞上之三曰:“真诚出家者怖四怨之多苦。”同资持记曰:“四怨即四魔。”
四恒《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)四恒河沙之略。
四恩《佛学大辞典》
(名数)心地观经谓四恩者:一父母恩,二众生恩,三国王恩,四三宝恩。释氏要览中谓四恩者:一父母恩,二师长恩,三国王恩,四施主恩。
四恶《佛学大辞典》
(名数)四恶趣之略。
四恶比丘《佛学大辞典》
(名数)佛藏经往古品曰:“过去大庄严如来灭度后百岁诸弟子分为五部:一名普事,二名苦岸,三名萨和多,四名将去,五名跋难陀。普事比丘以知佛所说之真实空义无所得法度多人共入涅槃,其余四比丘则以舍第一义无所得毕竟空之法,贪乐外道尼干子之论,命终堕于阿鼻地狱,经无数劫始生人中,值一切明王佛出家,十万亿岁,勤修精进,如救头燃然不得道果,何以故?佛说深法,是人不信,破坏违逆,为破法因缘,法当尔也。”又观佛三昧海经九谓昔有四比丘犯律不耻,怙恶不迁。忽闻空中声曰:谓汝所犯无救者,不然,空王如来虽复涅槃,形像尚在,汝宜入塔一观宝像眉间之白毫。比丘随之泣泪言曰:佛像尚尔,况佛真言。举身投地,如大山崩。今于四方皆成正觉,东方阿閦佛,南方宝相佛,西方无量寿佛,北方微妙声佛,是四破戒比丘也。
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