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Term Definition
四事《佛学大辞典》
(名数)衣服,饮食,卧具,汤药也。或房舍,衣服,饮食,汤药也。法华经安乐行品曰:“衣服卧具饮食医药。”无量寿经下曰:“常以四事供养恭敬一切诸佛。”盂兰盆经疏上曰:“年年僧自恣日,四事供养三尊。”
四事不可思议《佛学大辞典》
(名数)见“不可思议”条。
四事供养《佛学大辞典》
(名数)饮食,衣服,卧具,汤药也。【四事供养】(名数)见“四事”条。
四事法门《佛学大辞典》
(名数)菩萨有四事之入法门:一入禅思门,菩萨将说法,先入禅定观察众生之根器也。二智慧门,菩萨将说法,以智慧照了义理,令闻者生法喜之心也。三入总持门,菩萨将说法,于诸善法持而不使忘,于诸恶法持而不使生,以此心生众生之善,遮众生之恶也。四入辩才门,菩萨将说法于诸佛法义辩说无碍,开发一切众生之心,令皆入正道也。见大宝积经十三。
四事经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)阿难四事经之略名。
四亲近《佛学大辞典》
(术语)金刚界五佛中之四方随从佛之四方四菩萨,谓之四亲近。见“十六菩萨”条。
四人出现世间经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,刘宋求那跋陀罗译。为波斯匿王说先后丑妙之四人不同。出于增一阿含四意断品。
四人观世《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)依人人之机根,而观世间有等差。凡夫观三界之乐,欢喜游戏而不觉知。二乘观三界之苦,如火宅不安。菩萨观三界之空缘想见相犹如空花。诸佛观三界为唯心,世间诸物皆为妙明之心。
四仙《佛学大辞典》
(名数)见“二天三仙”条。
四仙避死《佛学大辞典》
(传说)见“杀鬼”条。
四仪《佛学大辞典》
(术语)四威仪之略。
四众《佛学大辞典》
(名数)一发起众,如法华经会座因舍利弗三请,而发起本经之说法,击扬发动,令如来有所说,是曰发起众。二当机众,正当座之机众也,如诸声闻正闻本经得证悟之益者。三影向众,如文殊观音来自他方,助佛化,庄严法座者。四结缘众,薄福众生,今无证悟之益,而结见佛闻法之因缘,作未来得道之因缘者。见法华文句二。

又有僧伽之四众:一比丘Bhikṣu,二比丘尼Bhikṣuṇi,三优婆塞Upāsaka,四优婆夷Upāsikā。药师经曰:“若有四众苾刍,苾刍尼,邬波素迦,邬波斯迦。”见法华玄赞一。

又一比丘,二比丘尼,三沙弥Śrāmaṇera,四沙弥尼Srāmaṇerikā,即出家之四众也。光宅法华疏一曰:“虽有天龙八部,莫过四类,出家四众也。”

又一龙象众,大天之流也。二边鄙众,大天门徒也。三多闻众,凡夫随顺学人圣者而多闻法者。四大德众,即四果之圣众也。见宗轮论述记。

四优檀那《佛学大辞典》
(名数)Mudrā,地持论所说。一切行无常,一切行苦。诸法无我,涅槃寂灭之四句是也。优檀那此译印,此法相决定不变不易,故名印。大乘义章二曰:“优檀那者中国印,此名为印。”
四住《佛学大辞典》
(名数)见思之烦恼也。见四住地条。

又四种之住处也。一天住,为六欲之住处,即布施持戒善心之三事也。二梵住,为色界无色界诸天之住处,即慈悲喜舍之四无量心也。三圣住,为三乘圣者之住处,即空无相无作之三三昧也。四佛住,为一切诸佛之住处,即首楞严等之无量三昧也。见智度论三。

四住地《佛学大辞典》
(名数)常略名四住。三界见思之烦恼也。一见一切住地,三界之一切见惑也,二欲爱住地,欲界之一切思惑也,思惑之中以贪爱为重过,故举重而摄他。三色爱住地,色界之一切思惑也。四有爱住地,无色界之一切思惑也。于此加入无明住地,称为五住地,皆言住地者,以此五法为生一切之过,恒沙之烦恼之根本依处故也。是胜鬘经之法门。止观辅行六曰:“同四住尘,处处结缘。”四教仪曰:“见思惑,又云见修,又云四住。”
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