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Term Definition
戒禁《佛学大辞典》
(术语)依宗规而定之戒律禁制也。
戒禁取见《佛学大辞典》
(术语)如确取牛戒狗戒等非理之戒法,而思为生天之因,解脱之道。迷取非理戒禁之邪见也。此中亦含布施取苦行取等。以有迷取非理之布施或非理之苦行而思为清净之因或道者故也。但由印度之外道守邪戒者多,故谓之戒禁取。五见之一。俱舍论十九曰:“于非因道,谓因道见,一切总说,名戒禁取。(中略)理实应立戒禁等取名,略去等言,但名戒禁取。”大乘义章六曰:“言戒取者,于有漏法,取为能净,故云戒取。”智度论二十二曰:“外道戒者,牛戒鹿戒狗戒罗刹鬼戒哑戒聋戒,如是等戒智所不赞,唐苦无善报。”
戒科《佛学大辞典》
(术语)戒之四科也。见“戒”条。
戒经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)梵网经,优婆塞戒经等说戒律者。玄义三下曰:“戒经云:诸恶莫作,诸善奉行。自净其意,是诸佛教。”

又谓菩萨戒本四分戒本等戒本。

戒缓《佛学大辞典》
(术语)不固守戒律。如在家之菩萨是也。见“戒急”条。
戒羯磨《佛学大辞典》
(术语)羯磨者梵语,授戒时所用表白文之名。见“羯磨”条。
戒羸《佛学大辞典》
(术语)戒体之势用羸劣也。比丘等受得戒法,无力严守之,屡发毁犯之意志,故运运倍增,使无表之戒体,时时刻刻势用羸劣也。法苑义林章三曰:“若作舍心,虽起语言,而对于比丘,依法不言舍,但名戒羸,其戒不舍。”亦曰学羸。以戒法亦名学处故也。
戒脉《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)谓受戒之血脉也。如自释尊经摩诃迦叶阿难等,至现在之戒师及受者,其统系一脉相承是也。
戒腊《佛学大辞典》
(术语)受戒之年数也。比丘之坐次,依戒腊之多少而定。禅苑挂搭章曰:“维那依戒腊次第挂搭。”【戒腊】(术语)与戒腊同。
戒腊牌《佛学大辞典》
(物名)记僧席次序之木牌。禅苑结夏章曰:“堂司预设戒腊牌,香华供养。”
戒腊茶《佛学大辞典》
(仪式)因于众之戒腊从上位次第请众寮点茶。见禅林象器笺十七。
戒膝《佛学大辞典》
(仪式)比丘受戒时之膝也。即右膝着地之坐法。见“右膝着地”条。行事钞上之三曰:“若堂内者,至门限内,举手呼言:某甲来!彼来已为捉衣钵,令至僧中,教礼僧足已,至戒师前,右膝着地合掌。”
戒藏《佛学大辞典》
(术语)明戒律之经书。梵网经下曰:“谛听我正诵佛法中戒藏波罗提木叉。”
戒蜡《佛学大辞典》
(术语)即戒腊也。疑耀五云:僧家言僧腊者,犹言年岁也。又言戒腊者,腊当作蜡。余偶阅一内典,西方结夏时,以蜡为人,其轻重相同。解夏之后,以蜡人为验,轻重不差,则为念定而无妄想。否则血气耗散,必轻于蜡人。故谓之曰戒蜡,非年岁之腊也。
戒行《佛学大辞典》
(术语)依授戒作法一旦发得戒体者,能随顺其戒体而如法动作三业,谓之戒行。行事钞中曰:“戒行谓方便修成顺本受体。”洛阳伽蓝记曰:“戒行真苦,莫可揄扬。”
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