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Term Definition
舍利弗毗昙《佛学大辞典》
(书名)舍利弗阿毗昙论之略名。
舍利弗目连先佛入灭《佛学大辞典》
(传说)舍利弗目犍连二大弟子共闻佛告诸比丘言:却后三月,当入涅槃。不忍眼见世尊入灭,告佛已取灭。目连为宿业被执杖外道打杀。大方便报恩经五,贤愚因缘经五,记舍利弗入灭,且佛说其往昔因缘。增一阿含经十八说目连为执杖外道殴折,将入涅槃事,及舍利弗见之先取涅槃。又月光菩萨经说舍利弗目连二人告佛请入灭,佛为之说往昔因缘。上足二人告佛而入灭者,乃三世诸佛之通规也。增一阿含经十八曰:“舍利弗言:又我躬从如来闻此语,诸过去当来今现在诸佛上足弟子先取般涅槃,然后佛取般涅槃。”萨婆多论七曰:“舍利弗目连以不忍见佛泥洹,便先泥洹。以其先泥洹故,七万阿罗汉同时泥洹。”
舍利弗目连捔现神力《佛学大辞典》
(传说)智慧第一之舍利弗余德胜于神力第一之目连。见增一阿含经二十七,智度论四十五,经律异相十四。
舍利弗瞋恚气分《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)智度论二谓“如舍利弗有瞋恚余习,佛由禅定起经行,罗睺罗从佛,佛问罗睺罗:何故羸瘦?罗睺罗以偈答佛:若人食油则得力,若食苏者得好色,食麻滓菜无色力,大德世尊当自知。佛问罗睺罗众中谁为上座?罗睺罗答和上舍利弗。佛言舍利弗食不净食。尔时舍利弗转闻是语,即时吐食,自作誓言:从今日不复受人请。是时波斯匿王与长者须达多等来诣舍利弗所,告舍利弗,佛不以无事受人请,大德舍利弗复不受请,我等白衣,云何当得大信清净?舍利弗言:我大师佛言,舍利弗食不净食,今不得受人请。于是波斯匿王等至佛所,白佛言:佛不常受人请,舍利弗复不受请,我等云何心得大信,愿佛敕舍利弗还受人请。佛言:此人心坚,不可移转。佛尔时引本生因缘。昔有一国王,为毒蛇所啮,王时欲死,呼诸良医令治蛇毒。时诸医多言还令蛇[口*数],毒气乃尽。是时诸医各说咒术。啮王之蛇,即来王所。诸医积薪燃火,敕蛇还[口*数]汝毒,若不然,当入此火。毒蛇思惟,我既吐毒,云何还[口*数]?宁此剧死。思惟定心,即时入火。尔时毒蛇,舍利弗是,世世心坚不可动。”
舍利弗过去退大乘向小道《佛学大辞典》
(传说)见“乞眼婆罗门”条。
舍利弗问经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,失译。问戒律之事。
舍利弗阿毗昙论《佛学大辞典》
(书名)三十卷,姚秦昙摩崛多译。舍利弗所立之对法藏也。【舍利弗阿毗昙论】(书名)姚秦昙摩耶舍,昙摩崛多共译,三十卷。有三十品论种种之法相。
舍利弗陀罗尼经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,萧梁僧伽婆罗译。与一向出生菩萨经同本。
舍利弗风热《佛学大辞典》
(传说)舍利弗为阿罗汉之圣者,尚不舍有漏之依身,故不能免风等之热病。光明文句曰:“虽入有涅槃,犹有果身在,身子风热,毕陵伽眼病。”
舍利报恩讲《佛学大辞典》
(行事)即舍利会。
舍利讲《佛学大辞典》
(行事)见“舍利会”条。
舍利赞《佛学大辞典》
(术语)舍利会时之赞偈也。
舍勒《佛学大辞典》
(术语)又云舍吒迦。又云涅槃僧。译作内衣,裙。玄应音义十五曰:“舍勒,此译云衣,或言内衣也。”所量轻重仪下曰:“舍勒,四分云涅槃僧,此名内衣,即舍勒也。”资持记中二之三曰:“舍勒,梵语。旧记云:短裙之类。鼻奈耶云:泥洹僧也。”梵语杂名曰:“裙,舍吒迦。”
舍卫《佛学大辞典》
(地名)Śrāvastī,本城名,后以为国号。其国本名为憍萨罗国,为别于南方之憍萨罗国,故以城名为国号。新作室罗伐,室罗伐悉底。译曰闻者,闻物,丰德,好道等。以此城多出名声之人,多生胜物故也。又有别名曰舍婆提城,尸罗跋提,舍罗婆悉帝夜城。佛在世时。波斯匿王居于此。城内有祇园精舍。其地即今印度西北部拉普的Rahti,河南岸之Rapetmapet,在乌德之东,尼泊尔之南。天台金刚般若疏曰:“舍卫,名闻物国,胜物多出此境。嘉名远振诸国,故名闻物。又舍婆提者,昔有二仙。弟名舍婆,此云幼小。兄名阿跋提,此云不可害。合此二人以名城也。”玄应音义三曰:“舍卫国,云无物不有国,或言舍婆提城,或言舍罗婆悉帝夜城,讹也。正言室罗伐国,此译云闻者城,法镜经云闻物国。善见律云:舍卫是人名。昔有人居住此地,往古有王,见此地好,故乞立为国。以此人名,号舍卫国。一名多有国,言有聪明智慧人,及诸国珍奇皆归此国也。”胜鬘宝窟上本曰:“舍卫国,真谛三藏云:彼国正音,应云奢罗摩死底,此言好名闻国。昔有仙人好名闻,在此中住。从仙人作名,故云好名闻国也。从来旧翻为闻物国,此多出好物,远闻诸国,故名闻物国。十二游经云:无物不有,胜于余处也。”弥勒上生经疏上曰:“梵言室罗伐悉底,言舍卫者,讹略也。此中印度境,憍萨罗国之都城名。为别南憍萨罗国,故以都城为国之称。真谛法师云:昔有兄弟二人,一名舍婆,二名婆提。故彼所翻金刚般若,云在舍婆提城。兄弟二人于此习仙,获而果遂,城因此号名舍婆提。今新解云:应云丰德城,一具财物,二妙欲境,三饶多闻,四丰解脱,国丰四德,故以名焉。”梵语杂名曰:“舍卫,室啰缚悉地。”参照“舍卫城”条。
舍卫三亿《佛学大辞典》
(传说)见“三亿家”条。
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