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Term Definition
一切种妙三昧《佛学大辞典》
(术语)得此三昧,则得以一切种之功德庄严吾身。见智度论四十七。
一切种智《佛学大辞典》
(术语)三智之一。言能以一种之智,知一切诸佛之道法,又能知一切众生之因种也。见“三智”条。
一切种识《佛学大辞典》
(术语)八识之一。即第八识之异名。又名种子识。言执持一切种子而不失之识也。详见“识”条。
一切经《佛学大辞典》
(术语)佛教圣典之总名。或曰大藏经。省曰藏经。隋书开皇元年,京师及诸大都邑之处,并官写一切经,置于寺内。而又别写藏于秘阁。一切经之名,本乎此。此名原称佛所说之经律等,而今则并吾国印度日本等高僧之著作而称之。佛教传播于世界各国之间,其圣典为各种之国语所翻译举其主要者,则原本为散斯克利图Saṁskṛt语及巴利Páli语。翻译而传者,有汉译藏,西藏藏,蒙古藏,满洲藏(详“清字经馆”条),及欧译之诸典。散斯克利图语之原本,自北方尼波罗地方,渐次为学者所发见,然其数未甚多。巴利语之原本,为巴利三藏,即锡兰暹罗缅甸等南方诸国所现传者。其中暹罗之官版藏经,以西纪一八八八年出版,世界各国之大学或学会,均得寄赠。巴利三藏中。律藏Viuaya-Piṭakaṁ,为波罗提木叉Pratimokkha注释之悉答韦蒲般伽Sutta-vibhanga、蹇陀Khandh-aka、波利婆罗Parivāra三部,经藏Sutta-Piṭakaṁ,为长阿含Digha-nikāya中阿含Majjhima-nikāya、杂阿含Saṁyutta-nikāya、增一阿含Aṅguttara-nikāya、小阿含khuddak-anikāya之五部,谕藏Abhidhamma-Piṭakaṁ,为法僧伽Dhamma-Saṅgaṇi以下总有七论。西藏藏为喇嘛教徒之所护持,属于经部者,总计八类,百五十一部,三百五十册,更有续藏二百二十三册,其经部为清康熙二十三年所刊行,其续藏则为雍正六年所镂刻者。蒙古藏及满洲藏为奉天所保存,其中满洲藏经,世界唯有一部,日俄之战,为日本所得。此外各国语之藏经,虽尚有数种,而其中卷帙最浩繁,部义皆完备者,实维汉译藏。案汉译藏经印行之最古者。则以宋太祖开宝五年,平定列国,造金银字佛经,前后凡数藏。同年敕印雕佛经一藏,凡一十三万版,为其嚆矢。寻而至道元年,高丽王治遣使至宋求官本,与其国从来所藏之前后二藏及契丹藏,参订校旧,经十四年,全行刻成。世所谓高丽藏者是也,凡一千五百二十一部,六千五百八十九卷。南宋理宗嘉熙三年,复开版藏经,有一千四百二十一部,五千九百十六卷,所谓宋藏者是也(详宋藏条)。元世祖至元十四年,亦翻刻藏经,至二十七年告竣,有一千四百二十二部,六千一十七卷,称为元藏者是也(详见“元藏”条)。此藏罹元末之兵燹,与宋藏共归灰烬,惟流传于日本者尚存。有尼法珍者(详“法珍”条),慨然起兴藏之志,经三十年。渐奏其功,是为方册藏经之滥觞明成祖永乐十八年,敕印刻大藏经版,至正统五年,始告竣,是为北藏。藏于北京。其南藏者,为太祖洪武时所刻。成祖又敕安置石刻一藏于大石洞。然流通未遍,学者多感不便。后神宗时,密藏禅师亦发愿刻方册藏本,万历十七年,于五台山创刻,业未竣而入寂,后人迭继其业,遂完成之,是谓明藏。有六千七百七十一卷。清藏则于雍正十三年开工。乾隆三年告竣。又有京西石经山之石刻藏经。则晋琬公法师刻石贮封石洞者也。日本现存古写本不少。而最著者,为堀川天皇敕僧侣一万人,于一日写一切经,顺德天皇敕一万五千僧,于一日写一切经等。德川氏使天海僧正,刻活字排印大藏,其活字及藏经今尚在,有六千三百廿三卷。寻而黄檗之铁眼和尚,又将明藏上梓。明治十三年,弘教书院以丽藏为本,与宋元明三本对校,印行活字板大藏经,计一千九百十六部,八千五百三十四卷,缩成四十帙,四百十八册。明治三十三年,藏经书院又以活字印行日本大藏经。藏教书院复纂辑藏经所漏者,题为日本续藏经,共七千八百七十三卷。清季上海频伽精舍,根据弘教本,略加增减,以活字印行大藏经四十帙,四百十四册,一千九百十六部,八千四百十六卷。挽近英法德俄诸国语之译本,渐见于世,将来更有西文一切经,未可知也。
一切经中弥陀偈《佛学大辞典》
(经名)即后出阿弥陀佛偈也。见“后出阿弥陀佛偈”条。
一切经供养《佛学大辞典》
(行事)书写一切经而供养之之法事。一切经为法宝故,以为三宝之一而供养之。
一切经音义《佛学大辞典》
(书名)唐玄应撰,二十五卷。详“玄应音义”条。又,唐慧琳撰,百卷。此书采集玄应音义慧苑音义等而成。中土亡佚已久。日本有单行本。又收入续藏中。近收入频伽精舍大藏经中。详“慧琳音义”条。
一切菩萨真言《佛学大辞典》
(真言)与普通种子心真言同。见大日经持诵次第仪轨。
一切虚空极微尘数出生金刚威德大宝三昧《佛学大辞典》
(术语)称大日如来所入南方灌顶智大福德门之大宝三昧也。由此而出生宝生如来。见摄真实经上。
一切诸佛《佛学大辞典》
(术语)总括三世十方诸佛之称。
一切诸佛所护念经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)佛说阿弥陀经之异名。此经为一切诸佛护持忆念之经,故名。同经曰:“汝等众生,当信是称赞不可思议功德一切诸佛所护念经。”
一切诸佛秘藏之法《佛学大辞典》
(术语)法华经为甚深秘密之要法。非为小机劣慧所容易开演,故名。同经信解品曰:“一切诸佛秘藏之法。但为菩萨演其实事。”同经法师品曰:“此经是诸佛秘要之藏。不可分布妄授与人。”同品曰:“是法华经藏,深固幽远,无人能到。”文句八上曰:“秘要之藏者。隐而不说为秘。总一切为要。真如实相包蕴为藏。
一切遍智印《佛学大辞典》
(印相)谓三角形也。是为火形,以智火烧烦恼之意。大日经疏五曰:“于大日如来上,画作一切遍智印,作三角形,其锐向下,纯白色,光焰围之,在白莲华上,即是十方三世一切如来大勤勇印也,亦名诸佛心印也。三角是降伏除障义,谓佛坐道树以威德大势降伏四魔,得成正觉,鲜白是大慈悲色也。
一刹《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Kṣetra,一国土也。刹,掣多罗之略名。译作土田。一佛济度之境,以三千大千世界为一刹。见名义集七。
一刹那《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Kṣaṇa,谓时之极少。曰一刹那。俱舍论十二曰:“极微字刹那,色名时极少。”仁王经上曰:“九十刹那为一念,一念中一刹那,经九百生灭。”俱舍论十二曰:“何等名为一刹那量,众缘和合,法得自体顷,或有动法,行度一极微,对法诸师说,如壮士一疾弹指顷,六十五刹那,如是名为一刹那量。”无性摄论六曰:“处梦谓经年,寤乃须臾顷,故时虽无量,摄在一刹那。”
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