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Term Definition
八邪《佛学常见词汇》
与八正道相反的八种邪道,即邪见、邪思惟、邪语、邪业、邪命、邪精进、邪念、邪定。
八部众《佛学常见词汇》
天众、龙众、夜叉(华译勇健鬼)、乾闼婆(华译香神)、阿修罗(华译非天)、迦楼罗(华译金翅鸟)、紧那罗(华译非人)、摩睺罗迦(华译大蟒神或大腹行地龙)。由于人类的眼睛不能见到这些八部众,所以又叫做“冥众八部”。又因为八部众以天龙为最殊胜,所以又叫做“天龙八部”,或“龙神八部”。
八部鬼众《佛学常见词汇》
四天王所率领的八部鬼众,即乾闼婆(华译食香鬼)、毗舍阇(华译癫狂鬼)、鸠盘荼(华译瓮形,啖人精气之鬼)、薛荔多(华译饿鬼)、诸龙、富单那(华译臭饿鬼)、夜叉(华译勇健鬼)、罗刹(华译捷疾鬼)。
八重《佛学常见词汇》
比丘尼的八波罗夷。(参见:波罗夷)
八除入《佛学常见词汇》
八胜处的别名。八胜处的禅定,能除去烦恼,故曰除,境观涉入,故曰入。
八难《佛学常见词汇》
八个见闻佛法有障碍的地方和情形,即:地狱、饿鬼、畜生、北俱卢洲、无想天、盲聋喑哑,世智辩聪、佛前佛后。此中地狱饿鬼畜生属三恶道,因业障太重,很难见闻佛法;北俱卢洲人,福分很大,但不晓得佛法,故不能了生脱死;无想天是外道所生的地方,那里的人也是不能了生脱死;患了盲聋喑哑的人,自然见闻不到佛法;世智辩聪是世人仗著小聪明,不肯虚心修行,甚至还会毁谤佛法;生在佛出世前或佛涅槃后,都见不到佛和听不到佛法。
八音《佛学常见词汇》
佛所特有的八种声音。一、极好音,世出世间一切音,都不能与之相比;二、柔软音,佛音柔软,听者欢喜;三、和适音,能调和众生的心,令之去除烦恼;四、不误音,佛智圆明,所出音声,闻者皆获正见;五、不女音,佛音具足四无畏,使听者信服;六、尊慧音,佛音能令众生听了,生起敬心,启发智慧;七、深远音,佛音近闻非大,远闻非小,无远弗届;八、不竭音,佛音滔滔无尽,其响不绝。
八颠倒《佛学常见词汇》
凡夫的四倒和二乘的四倒,合称为八颠倒。凡夫的四倒是误认世间为常乐我净;二乘的四倒是误认永寂为涅槃,即无常乐我净。
八风《佛学常见词汇》
又名八法,即利、衰、毁、誉、称、讥、苦、乐。利是令人得意的事,衰是令人失意的事,毁是背后被人毁谤,誉是背后被人称誉,称是当面被人称誉,讥是当面被人讥讽,苦是身心的各种痛苦,乐是身心的各种快乐。因此八法常为世人所爱憎,而且又能煽动人心,所以喻之为“八风”。
八魔《佛学常见词汇》
烦恼魔、阴魔、死魔、他化自在天子魔、无常、无乐、无我、无净。
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