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Term Definition
恶生王生入地狱《佛学大辞典》
(传说)毗奈耶杂事九曰:“佛记恶生王于七日后为猛火焚烧,堕在无间大地狱中。恶生闻之,大惧怖。苦母曰:如乞索婆罗门,入舍乞求,不得物时,欲使其家生种种不吉祥事。何况沙门乔答摩所有亲族,被王诛尽,宁无深重怨恨之言耶。随其恶心为咒诅耳。王若惧,则于后园中池水内造一柱楼,王应诣彼七日居住,日满后,方可入城。王便使造楼,将诸宫人及苦母升楼住。一夜过已,苦母白王言:大王,一夜已过,余六夜过,当共入城。如是二三乃至七日。苦母言今日安稳可共入城中。时四面忽云起。诸宫人相谓曰:庄严结束,可往城中。有一女以日光珠安偃枕上自严饰。云去天晴,日光忽现,照触宝珠便火出,烧其偃枕。猛炎上腾,即烧楼阁。诸宫人等四散驰走,恶生苦母皆被火烧,身皆烂熟,俱大号叫,便堕无间大地狱中,受诸极苦。”涅槃经二十曰:“阿阇世王,复于前路闻舍婆提毗流离王乘船入海遇火而死。”琉璃王经曰:“佛言诸比丘:彼琉璃王,肆意恶逆,罪盛乃尔。却后七日,有地狱火,当烧杀之,现世作罪便现世受。大使奏谶,怪与佛同。王大恐怖,乘船入海,冀得自免。停住海中,至七日期尽,水中则有自然火出。烧船及王,一时灰灭。”楞严经八曰:“琉璃大王,善星比丘,琉璃为诛瞿昙族姓。善星妄说一切法空,生身陷入阿鼻地狱。”
恶生王逆害《佛学大辞典》
(故事)西域记六云:“初胜军王(波斯匿王)嗣位,求婚于释种,释种鄙其非类,欺以家人女,重礼而嫁之。胜军王立为正后。其产生之男为毗卢释迦王。毗卢释迦欲就舅氏受业,至此城,见新讲堂,就中憩驾。诸释闻之,逐骂曰:卑贱婢子,敢居此室。此室者,诸释所建,拟佛之居。毗卢释迦嗣位后,追复先辱,便兴甲兵,云云。”经律异相七,引释迦毕罪经(今不传)曰:“波斯匿王新绍王位,遣使迦毗罗卫求婚,诸释五百集会,皆大瞋恚。曰:吾家大姓,缘何而与婢子结婚?时摩诃男,告诸释曰:波斯匿王为人暴恶,或能坏吾国界。时摩诃男之婢生一女,面貌端正,沐浴衣被,与彼波斯匿王,言此我女也,可以成亲。王喜,拜此女为第一夫人(即末利夫人)。后,生一男儿,集相师使作名。相师曰:求夫人时,诸释共议与不与,彼此流离,今以太子名流离。”毗奈耶杂事七曰:“劫毗罗城释子大名(即摩诃男)有一婢名明月,常使出园中探华。日日常采多华,结鬘献于大名。大名褒之,号此女曰胜鬘。后此女遇佛世尊入城乞食,深起敬心,以自饭食奉施之,誓愿言:愿我此福舍婢身,永获大富贵。后彼胜光王(即舍卫国波斯匿王)出游猎,乘马奔逸,遂至劫毗罗国,入彼大名园。胜鬘见之,种种方便给事于王。王感其机智,请之于大名。将归立为第二夫人。后生一子,即恶生太子也。后恶生太子,与大臣子苦母(与太子同日生)出城游猎,至劫毗罗城,入释迦园,诸释子大辱之。恶生还憍萨罗城,告左右曰:汝等忆持,父王没后,我绍位时,告我此事。苦母曰:善哉太子,快出此语,愿坚其心。绍位时,我当为说。后,恶生太子起逆害心,与长行大臣谋放逐父婆波斯匿王,自绍王位。时苦母白王言:大王顾念诸释子怨不?王于是兴兵灭诸释。”涅槃经十六曰:“琉璃太子,以愚痴故,废其父王,自立为主。复念宿嫌,多害释种。取万二千释种诸女,刵劓耳鼻,断截手足,推之坑堑。”
恶癞野干心《佛学大辞典》
(譬喻)恶癞者恶疾,野干者野孤,喻心之恶也。止观二之四曰:“大论云:宁起恶癞野干心,不生声闻辟支佛意。”但大论无此语,萨遮尼犍经九曰:“若不持戒,不得疥癞野干身,况当功德之身。”
恶知识《佛学大辞典》
(术语)为人所知之恶人。又曰恶师友。知识者乃为人所知之义,非己知事物之理之义也。法华经序品曰:“众所知识,大阿罗汉等。”维摩经二肇注曰:“大士处世,犹日月升天,有目之徒,莫不知识。”法华文句四上曰:“闻名为知,见形为识,见形为知,见心为识。”法华经义疏一曰:“知其内德,识其外形。又远众则知,近众则识。”转为师友之称。八十华严经五十八曰:“远善知识,近恶知识。”法华经譬喻品曰:“舍知识,亲近善友。”涅槃经二十二曰:“菩萨于恶象等,心无怖惧,于恶知识生畏惧心。”
恶祁尼《佛学大辞典》
(天名)或作些吉利多耶尼,译曰火神。见名义集二。见阿祇尼条。
恶缘《佛学大辞典》
(术语)诱我为恶事之外界事物。西方要决曰:“六恶缘伴,阻坏净心。”往生要集上末曰:“烦恼内催,恶缘外牵。”
恶行《佛学大辞典》
(术语)不善之行也。俱舍论十六曰:“一切不善身语意业,如次名身语意恶行。”十地论义记四本曰:“现习恶行,当受大苦。”
恶见《佛学大辞典》
(术语)恶见解也。八十华严经十四曰:“舍不正道,永除恶见。”成唯识论六曰:“云何恶见,于诸谛理,颠倒推度染慧为性。”行事钞上曰:“邪心决彻,名之为见。见心违理,目之为恶。”
恶见处《佛学大辞典》
(异名)地狱名,十六别处地狱之一。见正法念经六、往生要集上本。
恶觉《佛学大辞典》
(术语)恶之思想。有八种之别。大乘义章五末曰:“邪心思想,名之为觉。违正理,故称为恶。恶觉不同,离分有八。”止观五之四曰:“八风恶觉,所不能入。”
恶触《佛学大辞典》
(术语)食物为他人之手所触而恶秽者。凡戒律以他人手触之食物为不净而禁食之。见行事钞下,同资持记下二之二。
恶言《佛学大辞典》
(术语)骂詈之言。报恩经三曰:“以一恶言,不知其恩,毁骂其母,喻如畜生。”证道歌曰:“观恶言是功德,此则成吾善知识。”
恶语《佛学大辞典》
(术语)恶之言语。行事钞中曰:“凡有所说,当说善语,不应恶语。”
恶说《佛学大辞典》
(术语)七聚之一。恶言说也。徒为无用之论义者。行事钞中曰:“身名恶作,口名恶说。”
恶趣《佛学大辞典》
(术语)众生以恶业之因而趣之所。俱舍论世间品曰:“趣谓所往。”即地狱畜生等。
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