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Term Definition
数论《佛学大辞典》
(流派)萨婆多部之诸论也。彼之部宗为论佛教法数之根本,故谓之数论。大部补注十一曰:“诸文或云数人,又云数论,即萨婆多论师也。涅槃疏云:数人宗萨婆多,纯明无我,破诸外道。”又迦毗罗仙所造之论,亦称为数论。即金七十论是也。见“数论外道”条。
数论外道《佛学大辞典》
(流派)又曰数论师。唯识述记二末,言劫初有外道,名曰劫比罗Kapila,古云迦毗罗者讹也。此曰黄赤,以鬓发面色并为黄赤故。今西方之贵婆罗门种,皆黄赤色也。于时世号为黄赤色仙人。立二十五谛,论生死涅槃。其后诸门徒分为十八部。其上首名伐里沙。此翻为雨。以生于雨时故名。其雨之徒党,名为雨众外道。数论为此雨众外道中别人所作。今之金七十论是也。梵名曰僧佉Sāṁkhyā,此翻为数。即智慧之数也。数为量诸法之根本,故以立名。从数而起之论,故名数论。又论能生数,故亦名数论。其造数论及学数论之人,名为数论者。谓有外道,入于金耳国,以钹鍱腹,顶戴火盆。击王之论鼓,求与僧论议,使僧堕负。遂作七十行颂,以申数论之宗。王赏之以金。外道欲彰己令誉,名之为金七十论。彼论之长行,天亲菩萨所造也。然考天亲菩萨传,则为佛灭后九百年中频阇诃婆娑外道之事。谓此外道制僧佉论,入阿轮阇国,于正勤王处,为此论议。遂制胜。王赐以三洛沙黄金,入于频阇诃山之石窟中化为石云。天亲菩萨后闻此事,即造七十真实论,破彼外道所造之僧佉论。首尾瓦解,无有一句得立。王复以三洛沙金赏之。唯识述记四末之再说稿与之同。谓:“世亲菩萨时,东天竺有僧,与数论师之学徒论议。彼立二十五谛,说大地等之为常。僧竟不能答,王信受外道。外道为王造七十行之颂,上于王。王赐千金以显扬之。今之金七十论是也。世亲乃造第一义谛论,亦名胜义七十论,以对彼论而破彼外道。”百论疏上之中曰:“僧佉此云制数论,明一切法不出二十五谛,故一切法摄入二十五谛中,名为制数论。”
数识《佛学大辞典》
(术语)十一识之一。见“识”条附录。
数门《佛学大辞典》
(术语)数息门之略。即数息观也。圆觉经曰:“若诸众生,修禅那,先取数门,心中了知生住异灭分齐头数。”见“五停心观”条。
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