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Term Definition
毕竟觉《佛学大辞典》
(术语)佛之所证,他人无有类似之证也。同于无上觉。
毕舍遮《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Piśāca,又作臂奢柘、毗舍阇、毗舍遮。食肉鬼名。孔雀王咒经下曰:“毗舍阇,梁云颠鬼。”玄应音义二十一曰:“毕舍遮旧言毗舍阇,又作毗舍遮。鬼名也,饿鬼中胜者也,亦言癫狂鬼也。”慧苑音义下曰:“此云啖精鬼,东方天王所领鬼神也。”唯识演秘二本曰:“毕舍遮者,唐云食血肉,鬼之异名也。”
毕里孕迦《佛学大辞典》
(天名)见“冰揭罗”条。
毕钵《佛学大辞典》
(植物)一作毕跛。毕波罗之略。毕钵罗树或毕钵罗窟也。
毕钵罗《佛学大辞典》
(人名)大迦叶之实名。法华文句一曰:“摩诃迦叶。此翻大龟氏。(中略)名毕钵罗。或毕钵波罗延。或睇毗犁(Sthavira),毕钵罗树也。父母祷树神求得此子。以树名之。”梵Pippalāyāna。

又(植物)Pippala,又作必钵罗,庳钵罗,树名。即菩提树。佛于此树下证菩提,故称菩提树。西域记八曰:“金刚座上菩提树者,即毕钵罗之树也。昔佛在世高数百尺,屡经残伐,犹高四五丈,佛坐其下成等正觉。因而谓之菩提树焉。茎干黄白,枝叶青翠,冬夏不凋,光鲜无变。每至如来涅槃之日,叶皆凋落,顷之复故。”探玄记二十曰:“毕钵罗树,此云榕树,在岭南亦有此类。”慧琳音义八曰:“庳钵罗,树名也,或云毕钵罗。”

毕钵罗窟《佛学大辞典》
(地名)巴Vebhāra-guhā,梵Vaibhāra,又作卑钵罗窟,宾钵罗窟。以窟上有毕钵罗树繁生,故名,或言毕钵罗为大迦叶名(父母祈树神而生,故名,又迦叶所居之窟,故名毕钵罗窟,此虽古释,然非也),在摩竭陀国王舍城竹林精舍之西,大迦叶结集三藏处也。付法藏传一曰:“迦叶辞如来往耆阇崛山宾钵罗窟。”佛祖统纪四曰:“如来灭后,于毕钵罗窟立三座部主结为三藏。”更有一处。西域记九曰:“温泉西有卑钵罗石窟,世尊在昔恒居其中,后壁洞穴,是阿素洛宫也。习定比丘多居此室。”法显传一曰:“南山西行三百步,有一石室,名宾波罗窟。佛食后常于是座禅,又西行五六里,山地阴中有一石室,名车帝。佛泥洹后,五百阿罗汉结集经处。”
毕陵《佛学大辞典》
(人名)毗陵伽婆蹉之略。比丘名。
毕陵伽《佛学大辞典》
(人名)又作必陵伽。毕陵伽婆蹉之略。
毕陵伽婆蹉《佛学大辞典》
(人名)又作毕兰陀筏蹉Pilinda-vatsa,比丘名。译曰余习。以有高慢之余习故也。法华文句二曰:“毕陵伽婆蹉,此翻余习。五百世为婆罗门,余气犹高。”法华玄赞一曰:“毕兰陀筏蹉,此云余习,言毕陵伽婆蹉,讹也。五百世中为婆罗门,恶性粗言,今虽得果,余习犹在。如骂恒河神,故名余习。”
毕陵慢心《佛学大辞典》
(故事)智度论二曰:“长老毕陵伽婆蹉,常患眼痛。是人乞食常渡恒水,到恒水边弹指言:小婢住莫流。水即两断。得过乞食。是恒神到佛所白佛,佛弟子毕陵伽婆蹉常骂我言:小婢住莫流。佛告毕陵伽婆蹉,忏谢恒神。毕陵伽婆蹉即时合手语恒神言:小婢莫瞋,今忏谢汝。是时大众笑之。云何忏谢而复骂耶?佛告恒神:汝见毕陵伽婆蹉合手忏谢不?忏谢无慢,而有此言,当知非恶。此人五百世来常生婆罗门家,常自骄贵,轻贱余人,本来所习,口言而已,心无憍也。如是诸阿罗汉,虽断结使,犹有余习。”止观二曰:“又道不妨恶,须陀洹人淫欲转盛,毕陵尚慢身子生瞋,于其无漏有何损益?”
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