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Term Definition
殑伽《佛学大辞典》
(地名)又云强伽、弶伽、恒伽、恒架Gaṅgā,译日天堂来,以其原从高处神堂而来也。印度东北之大河名。为印度三大河之一、发源于雪山之南部,合大小无数之支流而东南奔流五百里,与蒲拉买普笃罗河共流入印度洋,其流域一带之地,即所谓恒河之平原,四境开阔,交通八达,且地味极为丰饶,故古来起于印度之几多君主,其都城皆以此川流而定,数千年来印度文明之中心也。佛教勿论,即其他之宗教与哲学,亦起于此流域。因此印度人视此河极为神圣,遂至以河名直为神名。西域记一曰:“殑伽河,旧曰恒河,又曰恒伽,讹也。”玄应音义八曰:“强伽,旧名恒河是也。亦名殑伽,从阿耨大池东面象口流出,入东海,其砂细与水同流也。”此所以经中有恒河沙数诸佛之譬喻语也。同二十四曰:“殑伽河,诸经论中或作恒河,或言恒伽河,亦云恒迦河,或作强伽河,皆讹也。此河从无热恼池东面象口而出,流入东海。旧译云天堂来,以彼外书云本入摩醯首罗天顶从耳中出流在地上,以天化身在雪山顶故作是说。见从高处而来,故云天堂来也。”俱舍光记五曰:“殑耆,是河神名。若女声中呼名殑耆,若男声中呼名殑伽,旧曰恒河,讹也。”可洪音义一曰:“恒伽,大般若经作殑伽天女是也。”此所以以其河水为神圣,而生浴于此水者,得去一切罪污之思想也。药师本愿经作“弶伽”。
殑伽沙《佛学大辞典》
(地名)旧称恒河沙。新称殑伽沙。
殑伽神《佛学大辞典》
(神名)又作恒伽天。印度恒河之河伯也。见“殑伽”条。祖庭事苑七曰:“主河之名是女,非鼻闻香,未见其缘。”
殑伽神女《佛学大辞典》
(神名)同上。
殑河女《佛学大辞典》
(故事)此女爱念其子共没于殑河,死,生于梵天。心地观经三曰:“昔有女人抱其子,渡于恒河水瀑流。以泛水故力难前,与子俱没无能舍,为是慈念善根力,命终上生于梵天,长受梵天三昧乐,得遇如来受佛记。”性灵集八曰:“殑河女人,因爱子而生天上,坐海丈夫,发慈悲以成大觉。”
殑耆《佛学大辞典》
(神名)殑伽河女神名。见“殑伽神”条。
殑耆罗《佛学大辞典》
(人名)比丘名。俱舍宝疏五曰:“殑耆是河神名,罗名摄受。父母怜子与字,立名殑耆摄受。女声呼名耆,男声呼为伽。”梵Gaṅgilaya。
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