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Term Definition
比丘《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Bhikṣu,又名苾刍,煏刍。为出家受具足戒者之通称。男曰比丘,女曰比丘尼。其义甚多。以乞士之翻为本义。嘉祥法华义疏一曰:“比丘名为乞士,上从如来乞法以练神,下就俗人乞食以资身,故名乞士。世之乞人,但乞衣食,不乞于法,不名比丘。(中略)余怖魔,破恶,净命,如智度论中广说也。”见“苾刍”条。
比丘五德《佛学大辞典》
(名数)怖魔,乞士,净戒,净明,破恶也。参照“苾刍”条。
比丘化为蛇《佛学大辞典》
(传说)行事钞资持记下一之三曰:“有比丘喜乐衣服,因病致死,后化为蛇来缠衣。”
比丘听施经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,东晋昙无兰译。说听施比丘不乐法,将废道。佛以方便说旅人不知道者问知道者之喻以化之。
比丘尼《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Bhikṣuṇi,女子出家受具足戒者之通称。新云苾刍尼。梵语尼者,显女性之声也。因之比丘为男僧,比丘尼为女僧。俱舍光记十四曰:“苾刍,唐言乞士,旧云比丘,讹也。苾刍尼苾刍如前解,尼是女声。”慧琳音义二曰:“苾刍尼义说同上,出家女之总名,尼例声明即女声也。”以阿难恳请初度佛之姨母大爱道为僧,是为比丘尼之始。参照“苾刍”条。
比丘尼传《佛学大辞典》
(书名)四卷,梁宝唱撰。
比丘尼僧祇律戒经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)摩诃僧祇比丘尼戒本之异名。
比丘尼八归敬戒《佛学大辞典》
(术语)比丘尼当守之八法也。百夏之比丘尼当礼初受戒之比丘。不得骂比丘。不得说比丘之罪及其过失。当从大德之僧受具足戒。尼,犯僧残当从僧忏悔。每半月宜受僧教诫。宜从比丘三月安居,夏满宜诣僧中求自恣之人。以上八法谓之比丘尼之八敬法。【比丘尼八归敬戒】(术语)见“戒”条。
比丘尼大戒《佛学大辞典》
(书名)十诵比丘尼大戒之略名。
比丘尼戒《佛学大辞典》
(术语)比丘尼具足戒即五百戒并八敬戒是也。
比丘尼戒本《佛学大辞典》
(书名)揭比丘尼五百戒之本经也。每月比丘尼之布萨日诵之。
比丘尼阿姨《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Bhikṣuṇi āryā,阿姨者阿梨夷之略,梵语阿梨耶,译言圣者,今依女声曰阿梨夷,即比丘尼圣者之意,为佛姨母大爱道之尊称也,或言阿,如汉语阿爷阿娘之阿,姨即姨母也。
比丘避女恶名欲自杀经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,西晋法炬译。有比丘因恶名住林中欲自杀,正住天神说偈晓之,即得道果。
比卢持《佛学大辞典》
(人名)外道名。
比吒迦俱舍《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)Piakakośa,译曰藏。刀鞘丞椟之类,如三藏之藏是也。演密钞七曰:“梵语比吒迦俱舍,此译为藏,即是鞘韫椟之藏为要,拣异中心之藏故。”
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