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Term Definition
污《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵字)悉昙五十字门之一。十二韵之一。又作鸥,袄,乌,邬,皆同。金刚顶经释字母品曰:“称污字门一切法瀑流不可得。”文殊问经字母品十四曰:“称污字时,是取声。”是盖文殊问经说浅略之字相,金刚顶经即其字相,明绝对之字义(即真实之本体)也。日本净严之悉昙字记讲述曰:“字母表云执瀑流。执者取义,谓执取生灭无常之法。是有二类:凡夫执生灭无常之法,是取着常。二乘不知无常生灭之法,即常住不灭之法。偏执取无常无我,厌离生死,欣求涅槃。今悟解瀑流不可得之性,则一切诸法,常住不灭,又随缘生灭。以此之故,凡夫二乘之偏执,俱不可得。次若执取生死永断,犹滞二乘地,又着无识身三昧故,犹未免漏流。若了达本不生际,即漏而无漏故,漏无,不漏无。复次,漏与无漏,俱时具足,名真无漏。何则?一尘亦不漏失故,是为瀑流不可得之实义。”

又梵字(ū)悉昙五十字门之一。十二韵之一。金刚顶经释字母品曰:“称污字门时,一切法损减不可得。”文殊问经字母品十四曰:“称污字时,是损减世间多有情声。”是文殊问经唯就浅略之字相,金刚顶经说甚深之字义也。日本空海之吽字义曰:“以佛眼观之,佛与众生,同住解脱之床。此无彼无,无二平等,不增不减,周圆周圆也。既无胜劣增益之法,何有上下损减之人。是名污字之实义。”又曰:“诸法因不可得故,污字门因不可得。因不可得,则本初不生。本初不生,则不增不减。不增不减,则大般涅槃之果海。大般涅槃之果海,则如来之法身。是名污字之实义。”

污家《佛学大辞典》
(术语)比丘以物赠与在家之人为使得者思报恩,不得者闻之不喜,彼此皆伤平等施心故谓之污家。是比丘最当慎之所作,十三僧残中有污摈谤违僧谏戒。行事钞中之二曰:“比丘凡有所求,若以种种信施物,为三宝自身乃至一切,而与大臣及道俗等,皆名污家。(中略)由以信施物与白衣故,破前人平等好心,于得物者欢喜爱乐,不得物者纵使贤善无爱乐心,失他前人深厚福田。”同资持记曰:“名污者,莫非坏彼净信令生厚薄故。”
污戒《佛学大辞典》
(术语)受戒之人屡迷于烦恼,无惭无愧,而污净戒也。
污染《佛学大辞典》
(术语)污染于世间之五尘也。无量寿经下曰:“犹如莲华,无污染故。”
污栗驮《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Hṛdaya,译曰心。谓草木之中心也。止观一上曰:“质多者天竺音,此方言心,即虑知之心也。天竺又称污栗驮,此方称是草木之心也。”通常谓之肉团心。密教之用语,污字通常作汗。
污道沙门《佛学大辞典》
(术语)四沙门之一。破戒无惭之沙门而污正道者。
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