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Term Definition
犊子《佛学大辞典》
(人名)原为外道,故称为犊子外道。后出家入佛,故谓之犊子比丘。犊子部之部主也。详见“犊子部”项。
犊子部《佛学大辞典》
(流派)小乘二十部之一。佛在世,有外道,归佛出家,成立实我。其门徒相续不绝。佛灭后二百年中,自说一切有部流出一派,称为犊子部。建立非即非离蕴之我,谓众生有实我,非即五蕴,非离五蕴,即不可说藏也。此违佛教所立真无我之理,故名之为附佛之外道。俱舍论破我品痛斥之。真谛玄应记之为可住子部。智度论一曰:“佛法中亦有犊子比丘说,如四大和合有眼法,如是五众和合有人法。犊子阿毗昙中说:五众不离人,人不离五众。不可说五众是人离五众是人,人是第五不可说法藏中所摄说。”(人指实我,五众即五蕴)。宗轮论曰:“于此第三百年中从说一切有部流出一部,名犊子部。(中略)其犊子部本宗同义,谓补特伽罗非即蕴离蕴,依蕴处界假施设名。”(补特伽罗译言人)。唯识述记一本曰:“筏蹉氏外道名犊子外道,男声中呼,归佛出家。皤雌子部女声中呼,即是一也。上古有仙,居山寂处,贪心不止,遂染母牛因遂生男,流诸苗裔。此后种类皆言犊子,即婆罗门之一姓也。涅槃经说:犊子外道归佛出家,此后门徒相传不绝。今时此部是彼苗裔,远袭为名,名犊子部。”玄应音义二十三曰:“犊子部梵言跋私弗多罗(Vatsiputrīya),此云可住子部。旧言犊子者,犹不了梵音长短故也。长音呼跋私则是可住,若短音呼则言犊。从上座部中一切有部出也。”
犊牛前身《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)南泉沩山之宗匠,皆言老僧百年后,成了一头水牯牛。牯牛为牝牛,可以生犊。然则今之诸禅师是犊牛之前身而已,假以骂禅宗也。
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