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Term Definition
狝猴《佛学大辞典》
(动物)梵语杂名曰:“摩迦罗。”Markaṭa,经中以譬凡夫之妄心。心地观经八曰:“心如猿猴,游五欲树,暂不住故。”涅槃经二十九曰:“众生心性,犹如狝猴。狝猴之性,舍一取一。众生心性亦复如是。”同三十一曰:“心轻躁动转,难捉难调。(中略)躁扰不住,犹如狝猴。”
狝猴捉水月《佛学大辞典》
(譬喻)涅槃经九曰:“喻如狝猴捉水中月。”摩诃僧祇律七曰:“过去世时有城名波罗奈,国名伽尸。于空闲处有五百狝猴,游行林中。到一尼拘律树下,树下有井,井中有月影现。时狝猴主见是月影,语诸伴言:月今日死,落在井中,当共出之,莫令世间长夜闇冥。共作议言:云何能出?时狝猴主言:我知出法,我捉树枝,汝捉我尾,展转相连,乃可出之。时诸狝猴即如主语,展转相捉。少未至水连,狝猴重,树弱枝折,一切狝猴堕井水中。佛告诸比丘:尔时狝猴主者今提婆达多是,尔时余狝猴者今六群比丘是。”
狝猴江《佛学大辞典》
(地名)梵语么迦吒。此云狝猴。贺逻驮。此云池。而云江者,乃译人义立耳。此池在毗舍离宫城外,约五六里,庵罗女园侧。是昔狝猴群集,为佛穿作此池也。参照狝猴池项。
狝猴池《佛学大辞典》
(地名)又作狝猴江。在毗舍离国庵罗园之侧。佛在此处说诸经。天竺五精舍之一。玄应音义十四曰:“狝猴江,梵言末迦吒此云猴,贺逻驮,此云池。在毗舍离庵罗侧,昔狝猴为佛共集穿池,今言江者译人义立耳。”西域记七(吠舍厘国)曰:“石柱南有池,是群狝猴为佛穿也,在昔如来曾住于此。”智度论三曰:“毗耶离二处:一名摩诃槃,二名狝猴池岸精舍。”
狝猴淫鳖《佛学大辞典》
(传说)摩诃僧祇律五曰:“过去世时,香山中有仙人住处,去山不远有一池水。时池水中有一鳖,出池求食,食已向日张口而眠。时香山中有诸狝猴,入池饮水已。上岸,见此鳖张口而眠,时彼狝猴更欲作淫法,即以身生内鳖口中。鳖觉合口,藏六甲里时鳖急捉狝猴,却行欲入水。狝猴急怖,便作是念:若我入水,必死无疑。然苦痛力弱,任鳖回转,流离牵曳。遇值险处,鳖时仰卧。是时狝猴两手抱鳖,作是念言:谁当为我脱此苦难。狝猴曾知仙人往处,彼当救我。便抱此鳖向彼处去,仙人遥见便作是念:咄哉异事!今是狝猴作何等?欲戏弄狝猴故言:婆罗门是何等宝物?满钵持来。得何等信而来向我?尔时狝猴即说偈言:我愚痴狝猴,无事触恼他。救厄者贤士,命急在不久。今日婆罗门,若不救我者。须臾断身生,困厄还山林。”
狝猴着黐《佛学大辞典》
(传说)涅槃经二十五曰:“如诸猎师,纯以黐胶置之案上,用捕狝猴。狝猴痴故,往手触之,触已粘手;欲脱手故,以脚蹋之,脚复随着;欲脱脚故,以口啮之;口复粘着,如是五处悉无得脱。于是猎师以杖贯之负还归之。(中略)狝猴者喻诸凡夫,猎师者喻魔波旬,黐胶者喻贪欲结。(中略)凡夫之人五欲所缚,令魔波旬自在将去,如彼猎师黐捕狝猴担负归家。”
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