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Term Definition
由干《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)由干陀罗之略。山名。
由延《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)Yojana,见“由旬”条。
由旬《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)Yojana,又作俞旬,揄旬,由延,或逾阇那。新称逾缮那。为计里程之数目。帝王一日行军之里程也。或云四十里,或云三十里。西域记二曰:“夫数量之称,谓逾缮那,旧曰由旬,又曰逾阇那,又曰由延,皆讹略也。逾缮那者,自古圣王一日军行也。旧传一逾缮那四十里矣,印度国俗乃三十里。圣教所载惟十六里,穷微之数,分一逾缮那为八拘卢舍。拘卢舍者,谓大牛鸣声所极闻称拘卢舍,分一拘卢舍为五百弓,分一弓为四肘,分一肘为二十四指,分一指节为七宿麦。”玄应音义二曰:“俞旬,又作由旬,或作由延,又作逾阇那,皆讹也。此言逾缮那,此译云:合也,应也。计合应尔许度量,同此方驿逻也。”有部百一羯磨三曰:“言逾缮那者,既无正翻义,当东夏一驿可三十余里,旧云由旬者讹略。若准西国俗法,四俱卢舍为一逾缮那,计一俱卢舍可有八里,即是当其三十二里。若准内教,八俱卢舍为一逾缮那,一俱卢舍有五百弓,弓有一步数,准其步数才一里半余,将八倍之当十二里,此乃不充一驿。亲验当今西方逾缮那可有一驿,故今皆作一驿翻之,遮无远滞。”注维摩经六:“肇曰:由旬天竺里数名也。上由旬六十里,中由旬五十里,下由旬四十里也。”一指节者,横大母指而取其厚量也。又一肘者,自肘之本端至中指之末也。惠运之俱舍记曰:“一肘者,自肘本端至中指末也,一尺八寸。”智证之杂记曰:“横大母指而取其厚,以为一指也。”俱舍论十二曰:“赡部洲人身,多长十三肘半,于中少分有长四肘。”积算此指节之量可知由旬之度。
Glossary 2.5 is technology by Black Sheep Research