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Term Definition
界《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵语驮都Dhātu,译曰界。差别之义。彼此之事物,差别而无混滥也。大乘义章八末曰:“界别为界,诸法性别,故名为界。”止观五上曰:“界名界别。”

又性之义。谓事物固有之体性。大乘义章八末曰:“经名为界,亦名为性。”止观五上曰:“界名界别,亦名性分。”俱舍光记一曰:“族义持义性义为界。”

又因之义。生他物之原因也。唯识论十曰:“界是藏义,或是因义。”起信论义记中本曰:“中边论云:法界者,圣法因为义故,是故名法界。此中因义,是界义故也。”百法疏曰:“界是因义,中间六识,藉六根发。六境牵生,为识为因,故名为界。”

又种族之义。于事物有种族也。俱舍论一曰:“法种族义,是界义,如一山中有多铜铁金银等族说名多界。如是一身或一相续有十八类诸法种族,名十八界。”案此义可解为三界十八界等多界之界,不可释为法界之界。

又持之义。谓事物各维持自相也。俱舍论八曰:“能持自相,故名为界。”俱舍光记一曰:“持义为界。”

又语根之义。总称语根语干谓之界。

界会《佛学大辞典》
(术语)遍界悉集会也。九条锡杖文曰:“恭敬供养三尊界会。”
界内《佛学大辞典》
(术语)欲界色界无色界之三界也。此三界对于界外之国土而云界内。见“界外”条。
界内事教《佛学大辞典》
(术语)天台谓三藏教。彼教精究五蕴十二处十八界等事相之法门,而理唯为偏真之空理,究理最为浅薄,故贬之为界内事教。玄义三上曰:“三藏具有三人,而皆以析智观界内十二因缘事为初门。”又曰:“通教亦有三人,同以体智观界内十二因缘理。”
界内惑《佛学大辞典》
(术语)三惑中见思之惑,招三界之生死,故名界内惑。
界内教《佛学大辞典》
(术语)谓对沉沦三界中之众生教断见思二惑出离三界之法门也。天台之藏教通教是也。四教仪曰:“此二教是界内教。”同集注下曰:“藏通三乘,断惑出界。(中略)对界外方便等土,名界内教,以此二教化界内也。玄义五上曰:“若随界内好乐,说前两教位。”
界内理教《佛学大辞典》
(术语)天台谓通教。彼教事相之谈逊于藏教,穷理稍深,达为生即无生,空即不空,故褒之为界内理教。
界分《佛学大辞典》
(术语)欲界色界无色界之三界也。界为分之义,常语之为界分。行事钞羯磨篇曰:“拔群迷之重累,出界分之深根。”资持记上一之五曰:“界分即三有依报。”
界品《佛学大辞典》
(术语)俱舍论一部九品之第一。此品明诸法之体性,故名界品。界者性之义也。俱舍光记一曰:“界者性也,性之言体也。此品明诸法体,以界标名。”
界外《佛学大辞典》
(术语)三界外之国土也。三界外有诸佛菩萨之净土,谓之界外,三界谓之界内。此界外之净土,天台差别为方便有余土,实报无障碍土之二土。宝窟中末曰:“三界外者名无漏。”
界外事教《佛学大辞典》
(术语)天台之别教也。别教之菩萨迷中道之理重,故分别无量之事法,以之为方便而使悟理,谓之为界外事教。见七帖见闻七。玄义三上曰:“别教佛与菩萨,俱知界外十二因缘事。”
界外教《佛学大辞典》
(术语)对于断见思惑离三界,于界外净土受变易生死之法身菩萨教断无明而成佛之法门也。天台立四教,藏通之二教为界内教,别圆二教为界外教。玄义五上曰:“若随界外好乐,说后两教位。”同六下曰:“三藏不说界外,今以大乘意望之。”四教仪集注下曰:“此教明界外独菩萨法,教理智断,行位因果。别前二教,别后圆教。”又曰:“圆教菩萨以界外灭谛为初门。”
界外理教《佛学大辞典》
(术语)天台之圆教也。圆教之菩萨迷理轻,故不借事事之方便,直谈一切万法为中道实相之妙理,谓之界外理教。玄义三上曰:“圆教佛与菩萨,俱观界外十二因缘理。”又曰:“无作迷中轻,故从理得名。”
界如《佛学大辞典》
(术语)十界与十如。天台之法相。见一念项中一念三千条。
界如三千窗《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)修天台一念三千观法之窗。观一念具三千诸法,是乃天台宗之观法。此三千诸法,为由十界与十如与三世间而成者,故谓之界如三千。
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