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Term Definition
畜生《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵语底栗车Tiryagyoni,畜生新译傍生。为畜养之生类,故名畜生。一切之世人,或为啖食或为驱使畜养此生。傍生者,言为傍行之生类也。大乘义章八末曰:“言畜生者,从主畜养以为名也。”梵网经下曰:“若佛子,常起大悲心。若见牛马猪羊一切畜生,应心念口言:汝是畜生发菩提心。”立世论曰:“由因谄曲业故,于中受生,复说此道众生,多覆身行,故名底栗车。”婆沙论曰:“生,谓众生。畜,谓畜养。谓彼横生,禀性愚痴,不能自立,为他畜养,故名畜生。”问:若以畜养名畜生者,如诸龙水陆空行,岂可为人所养,名为畜生耶?答:养者义宽,且满人世及以六天,不养者处狭,唯在人中山野泽内。又,古昔诸龙亦为人养。具在文史,今从畜养偏多,故名畜生。
畜生八寿命《佛学大辞典》
(名数)一一弹指顷,二一日,三半月,四一月,五一岁,六十岁,七百千万亿岁,八乃至一劫。见甘露味论。
畜生因《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)生于畜生趣之业因也。法华文句四曰:“普曜曰:抵突堕畜生。”释氏要览中曰:“辩意经云:有五事作畜生:一犯戒私窃。二负债不还。三杀生。四不喜听受经法。五常以因缘艰难斋会。”止观十曰:“无惭无愧,即畜生界。”
畜生有《佛学大辞典》
(术语)长阿含十报经所说七有之一。畜生之果报,有而非无,故曰有。
畜生界《佛学大辞典》
(界名)天台宗所立十界之一。畜生之一类,其法体差别,故谓为界。
畜生趣《佛学大辞典》
(术语)六趣之一。有畜生业因者死所趣之处。即畜生之依住处也。
畜生道《佛学大辞典》
(界名)六道之一。有畜生业因者死后所趣之道途。与畜生趣同。又道以名因,谓其业因也。
畜生食时《佛学大辞典》
(术语)见“四食时”条。
畜趣《佛学大辞典》
(术语)畜生趣也。
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