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Term Definition
盂兰斋《佛学大辞典》
(行事)盂兰盆斋之略。斋者,斋食,当日为盂兰盆有斋食之供养,故名斋。
盂兰盆《佛学大辞典》
(行事)Ullambana,又作乌蓝婆拏。译曰倒悬。言苦之甚者。玄音应义十三曰:“盂兰盆,此言讹也。正言乌蓝婆拏,此译云倒悬。按西国法,至于众僧自恣之日,盛设供具,奉施佛僧,以救先亡倒悬之苦,旧云盂盆是贮食之器。此言讹也。”然宗密之盂兰盆经疏曰:“盂兰是西域之语,此云倒悬。盆乃东夏之音,仍为救器。若随方俗,应曰救倒悬盆。斯由尊者之亲魂沉闇道,载饥且渴,命似倒悬。纵圣子之威灵,无以拯其涂炭。佛令盆罗百味式贡三尊,仰大众之恩光,救倒悬之窘急。”依此则盆之一字为汉语,为救倒悬之苦,盛百味于盆,供三宝,故曰盂兰盆。元照之盂兰盆疏新记上评之曰:“按应法师经音义云:梵语乌蓝婆拏,此翻倒悬,今详乌蓝即盂兰也。婆拏即今之盆也,是则三字并是梵言,但音之讹转耳。疏主且据经文安着盆中之语,故作华言解释。音义则梵言得实,疏家则一往符经,疑故两存,随人去取。”
盂兰盆会《佛学大辞典》
(行事)佛弟子目连尊者,见其母堕饿鬼道,受倒悬之苦。问救法于佛。佛教于每年七月十五日(僧安居竟之日),以百种供物供三宝。请其威,得救七世之父母。因起此法会。盂兰盆经曰:“是佛弟子修孝顺者,应念念中忆父母乃至七世父母。年年七月十五日,常以孝慈,忆所生父母,为作盂兰盆,施佛及僧,以报父母长养慈爱之恩。”佛祖统纪三十三曰:“盂兰此翻解倒悬,言奉盆供于三宝福田,用以解饥虚倒悬之急。”汉土于梁武帝大同四年,初设盂兰盆斋。
盂兰盆供《佛学大辞典》
(行事)当日调百味之饮食及百种之器具,供养安居告终之众僧也。供祖先之亡灵及施于饿鬼,非本意也。云栖之正讹集曰:“世人以七月十五日,施鬼神食,为盂兰盆大斋之会,此讹也。兰盆缘起目连,谓七月十五日,众僧解夏自恣。九旬参学,多得道者。此日修供,其福百倍。非施鬼神食。施食自缘起阿难,不限七月十五日。”
盂兰盆经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)佛说盂兰盆经,一卷,西晋竺法护译。说盂兰盆之缘起及修法。各家之注疏如下:盂兰盆经疏二卷,唐宗密撰。盂兰盆经疏新记二卷,唐宗密疏,宋元照记。盂兰盆经疏会古通今记二卷,宋普观述。盂兰盆经疏孝衡钞科一卷,宋遇荣排。盂兰盆经疏孝衡钞二卷,宋遇荣钞,坛式附。盂兰盆经疏钞余义一卷,宋日新录,盂兰盆经新疏一卷,明智旭新疏,道昉参订。盂兰盆经疏折中疏一卷,灵耀撰。盂兰盆经略疏一卷,盂兰盆经笺注,丁福保注。
盂兰经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)盂兰盆经之略。
盂盆斋《佛学大辞典》
(行事)盂兰盆斋之略。见盂兰盆项。
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