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Term Definition
眷属《佛学大辞典》
(术语)梵语杂名曰:“眷属,梵语跛你缚罗。眷属二字见史记。史记樊哙传曰:“大臣诛诸吕,吕须婘(注音眷)属。”释迦大日各有内大二眷属。释迦之二眷属者,智度论三十三曰:“如释迦文佛,未出家时,车匿给使,优陀耶戏笑,瞿毗耶耶输陀等诸婇女为内眷属。出家六年苦行时,五人给侍。得道时,弥喜罗陀,须那刹多罗,阿难,密迹力士等,是名内眷属。大眷属者,舍利弗、目揵连、(中略)及弥勒、文殊师利、[台-台+犮]陀婆罗、诸阿毗跋致,一生补处菩萨等。”大日之二眷属者,大日经疏一曰:“般若释论(智度论)生身佛成道时,阿难密迹力士等,是为内眷属。舍利弗目连等诸圣人,及弥勒文殊诸阿毗跋致,一生补处菩萨等,是名大眷属。今谓佛加持身亦复如是。诸执金刚各持如来密印名内眷属,诸大菩萨大悲方便普门,摄受无量众生,辅佐法王行如来事名大眷属。”取之于胎藏界曼荼罗,则第一重之上方遍智院为法身之德,右方观音院为解脱之德,左方金刚手院为般若之德,此为大日伊字三点之内眷属。又第二重之上方文殊院,右方地藏院,左方除盖障院,下方虚空藏院之诸菩萨为大眷属。见大日经疏六。
眷属妙《佛学大辞典》
(术语)天台所立法华迹门十妙之第九。受如来之法者,助如来之化者,总为如来之眷属。分别之有五种:一理性眷属,众生与佛,本来一如,理性平等,自然相关。是不关于结缘,虽不结缘,皆是子也。二业生眷属,由往昔闻法之善业,今生于佛世受道得度者。于大通佛所结缘,尔来至今日为受化之众生是也。三愿生眷属,尝起生于此佛出世之誓愿,由此宿愿而今或为亲,或为怨,见佛闻法者。四神通眷属,先世既值佛而发真见谛,而生犹未尽,或在上界,或在他方,今闻佛之出世以通力来生此界,或为亲,或为怨,以辅佛之行化,自断余残之惑者。五应生眷属,既断无明之惑,得法身之本,能起应入于生死,导引众生,使向于佛道者,如摩耶是千佛之母,罗睺罗是千佛之子,诸声闻悉内秘外现,皆是法身之菩萨应缘而生者,故云应生。玄义六下曰:“譬如父母遗体,揽此成身得为天性。性亲爱,故名眷。更相臣顺,故名属。行者亦然。受戒之时说此戒法授于前人,前人听闻即得发戒,师弟所由生也。禅亦如是,授安心法,如教修行,即得发定,是为我师。我是弟子,慧亦如是。说诸法门转入人心,由法成亲,亲故则信,信故则顺,是名眷属也。”
眷属般若《佛学大辞典》
(术语)五种般若之一。无相之真智为观照般若,是般若之自性也。助发此般若,又自此般若流出之戒定慧等诸法,总云眷属般若。见金刚经纂要刊定记二,三藏法数二十。
眷属长寿愿《佛学大辞典》
(术语)阿弥陀佛四十八愿之第十五。无量寿经上曰:“设我得佛,国中人天,寿命无限量,除其本愿脩短自在。若不尔者,不取正觉。”日本望西楼大经钞题为眷属长寿愿。
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