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Term Definition
祖像《佛学大辞典》
(术语)开祖之影像。
祖元《佛学大辞典》
(人名)字子元,号无学,宋庆元府人,年十四至径山参佛鉴,年十七有所省悟。佛鉴寂后,遍历诸处。年三十六,了然大悟,更无余蕴。太傅贾似道,闻元道誉。引使住天台山真如寺,元开堂酬佛鉴之恩,居七岁,侵于北虏兵戈,去而至温州雁荡,兵役压温境,举众逃窜,元独兀坐堂里,虏首欲加刃,元不动,述一偈曰:乾坤无地卓孤筇。喜得人空亦法空。珍重大元三尺剑。电光影里斩春风。群虏感悔,作礼而退。明年还天台山,为天童寺首座。日本弘安二年建长寺缺席。平时宗发使币,求明宿,明州太守以元应之。弘安五年时宗创圆觉寺。请元为开山第一祖。同九年九月三日寂,寿六十一,谥曰佛光禅师。
祖师《佛学大辞典》
(术语)祖者始也,始立法为人之师表者。通于显密教禅。春秋正义曰:“啖助曰:三传之义,本皆口传。后之学者,乃着竹帛,而以祖师之目题之。”汉书外戚传曰:“定陶丁姬,易祖师丁将军之元孙。”师古注曰:“祖始也,丁宽易之始师。”故释老二氏,称其创立宗派之人曰祖师。
祖师会《佛学大辞典》
(行事)禅苑于岁旦陈列列祖之遗像及书画等,使众人拜观,称为祖师会。
祖师关《佛学大辞典》
(术语)入于祖师位之关门。无门关曰:“参禅须透祖师关。”宝林传曰:“期城太守杨衍之问达磨曰:西国相承称祖何义?达磨曰:明佛心宗,行解相应,名为祖师。”
祖师堂《佛学大辞典》
(堂塔)禅苑安置初祖达磨之堂名也。
祖师禅《佛学大辞典》
(术语)不立文字祖祖本传之禅也,对楞伽经所说之如来禅而立此称。即以如来禅为教内未了之禅,以祖师禅为教外别传至极之禅也。传灯录十一(仰山章)曰:“师问香严:师弟近日见处如何?严曰:某甲卒说不得,乃有偈曰:去年贫未是贫,今年贫始是贫;去年贫无卓锥之地,今年贫锥也无。师曰:汝只得如来禅。未得祖师禅。”
祖师西来意《佛学大辞典》
(术语)初祖达磨自西天来此土传禅法,究竟意思如何?究此意思者,即究佛祖之心印也。五灯会元(赵州章)曰:“僧问:如何是祖师西来意?州云:庭前柏树子。”碧岩十七则曰:“僧问香林:如何是祖师西来意?林云:坐久成劳。”同二十则曰:“龙牙问翠微:如何是祖师西来意?微云:与我过禅版来。牙过禅版与翠微。微接得便打牙云。打即任打。要且无祖师西来意。”
祖庭事苑《佛学大辞典》
(书名)八卷,宋睦庵着。摘解云门录以下录中之熟语故事。
祖忌《佛学大辞典》
(术语)各宗开祖之忌日。
祖意《佛学大辞典》
(术语)祖师之意。各就自宗而言。又教禅相对,而天台真言等诸家之意曰教意。教外别传之禅曰祖意。是以祖祖直指之心印故也。
祖灯《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)列祖之法灯也。业疏济缘记一上曰:“僧海还同于一味,祖灯分照于无穷。”
祖训《佛学大辞典》
(术语)佛祖之教训。资持记中一之一曰:“佛教广示,祖训重彰。”
祖道《佛学大辞典》
(术语)祖师之道。
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