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Term Definition
禅《佛学大辞典》
(术语)禅那Dhyāna之略。译曰弃恶,功德丛林。思惟修等。新译曰静卢。属于色界之心地定法也。今于欲界人中发得之,谓之修得。生于色界而发之,谓之生得。思惟而修得之。则名为思惟修。成就之之心体,即为寂静,有能如实虑知所对之境之用。故名静虑。弃恶,功德丛林之名,以其结果之功能而名之者,是亦一种定心之法,故虽时翻为定,而定之梵名,为三昧或三摩地,总为心一境性所附之名也。又禅宗之禅,其名虽取思惟静虑之义,而其体为涅槃之妙心,非谓色界所属之禅。见“禅定”条。智度论十七曰:“诸定功德都是思惟修。禅,秦言思惟修。”法界次第曰:“禅是西土音,此翻弃恶,能弃欲界五盖等一切诸恶,故云弃恶,或翻功德丛林,或翻思惟修。”大乘义章十三曰:“禅定者别名不同。略有七种:一名为禅,二名为定,三名三昧,四名正受,五名三摩提,六名奢摩他,七名解脱,亦名背舍。禅者是其中国之言,此翻名为思惟修习,亦云功德丛林。”慧苑音义上曰:“禅那,此云静虑,谓静心思虑也。旧翻为思惟修者,略也。”
禅三昧《佛学大辞典》
(术语)禅那与三昧。禅那译思惟,三昧译定,同体异名也。或以色界之所属为禅,无色界之所属为三昧。
禅乐《佛学大辞典》
(术语)三乐之一。修行之人,人诸禅定,则一心清净,万虑俱寂,自然得适悦之妙味者。大集经十一曰:“菩萨修行禅波罗蜜时,获得禅定,不能调伏一切众生,心生悔厌,贪着禅乐,(中略)是名魔业。”
禅习《佛学大辞典》
(术语)心住于禅而习修道也。唯识枢要上本曰:“叡无常以禅习。”
禅人《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)以禅为宗之人。止观五曰:“一种禅人不达他根性,纯教乳药。”
禅会《佛学大辞典》
(术语)参禅之会坐。谓学禅道之法席也。传灯录十一曰:“沩山禅会。”
禅余《佛学大辞典》
(术语)习禅之余暇。又禅僧之余残。
禅供《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)对于修禅人之供养。对于僧之施物。
禅侣《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)修禅定之僧侣。总名僧家。
禅偈《佛学大辞典》
(术语)禅门宗匠之偈颂。禅源诠曰:“教者诸佛菩萨所留经论也,禅者诸善知识所述句偈也。但佛经开张,罗大千八部之众。禅偈撮咯,就此方一类之机。罗众则漭荡难依,就机则指的易见。”
禅僧《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)禅家之僧,坐禅之僧。
禅关《佛学大辞典》
(术语)禅法之关门。释门正统三曰:“然启禅关者,虽分宗不同,挹流寻源,亦不越经论之禅定一度与今家之定圣一行也。”
禅关策进《佛学大辞典》
(书名)一卷,云栖寺祩宏撰。分诸祖之法语节要,诸祖之苦功节略,诸经引证节略之三部。
禅化《佛学大辞典》
(术语)禅法之化导。
禅史《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)禅宗之历史。
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