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Term Definition
童侍《佛学大辞典》
(职位)同童行。宋僧传(贯休传)曰:“出家为童侍,日诵法华经一千字。”
童受《佛学大辞典》
(人名)经部论师拘摩逻多Kumārabdha之译名。西域记三曰:“拘摩逻多,唐言童受。”同十二曰:“当此之时,东有马鸣,南有提婆,西有龙猛,北有童受,号为四日照世。”
童女迦叶《佛学大辞典》
(人名)与断见外道之弊宿梵志论议遂使彼屈服而为优婆塞。长阿含经第七弊宿经曰:“时童女迦叶,在斯婆醯村北,尸舍婆林住。时有婆罗门,名曰弊宿,止斯婆醯村。此村丰乐,民人众多,树木繁茂。波斯匿王,别封此村,与婆罗门弊宿,以为梵分。”然与此同本异译之中阿含经十六蜱肆经曰:“一时尊者鸠摩罗迦叶,游拘萨罗国,与大比丘众俱,往诣斯和提,住彼村北尸摄和林。尔时斯和提中,有王名蜱肆。”鸠摩罗,此译童子,即童子迦叶也。然则所谓童女者殆误。僧祇律十九曰:“王舍城中有姊妹二人妊身未产,信佛出家,诸比丘尼见其腹相便驱出。以是因缘往白世尊,佛言在家妊身者无罪。此比丘尼后生男儿字童子迦叶,年至八岁。出家修道,成阿罗汉。”五分律九曰:“童子迦叶,不满二十受具足戒。比丘生疑,佛言今听数胎中岁足为二十,若犹不满,又听以闰月足。”
童子《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Kumāra,梵语究摩罗,鸠摩罗迦。为八岁以上未冠者之总称。西国希出家而寄侍于比丘所者,称曰童子,又经中称菩萨为童子,以菩萨是如来之王子故也。又取无淫欲念,如世童子之意。寄归传三曰:“凡诸白衣,诣苾刍所,若专诵佛典。情希落发,毕愿缁衣,号为童子。或求外典无心出离名曰学生。”玄应音义五曰:“究摩啰者,是彼土八岁未冠者童子总名。”释氏要览上曰:“经中呼文殊善财宝积月光等诸大菩萨为童子者,即非稚齿。如智论云:如文殊师利十力四无畏等悉具佛事。故往鸠摩罗迦地。又云:若菩萨从初发心断淫欲,乃至菩萨是名童子。”
童子戏作佛事《佛学大辞典》
(本生)法华经方便品曰:“乃至童子戏,聚沙为佛塔,如是诸人等,皆已成佛道。”阿育王传一曰:“世尊与阿难在巷中,行见二小儿,一名德胜,是上族姓子。一名无胜,是次族姓子。弄土而戏,以土为城。城中复作舍宅仓储,以土为麨着仓中。此二小儿见佛三十二大人相欢喜,德胜于是掬仓中土名为麨,奉上世尊。无胜在傍合掌随喜。德胜于是说偈赞曰。(中略)佛言:我若涅槃百年之后,此小儿者当作转轮圣王四分之一,于花氏城作正法王,号阿恕迦。分我舍利而作八万四千宝塔,饶益众生。”
童子经法《佛学大辞典》
(修法)以金刚童子为本尊而祈祷之秘密法。此法依金刚童子经。
童子迦叶《佛学大辞典》
(人名)其母于妊娠中出家为比丘尼,后生男子,字童子迦叶。年至八岁出家,成阿罗汉果。尝浴于恒河,现神通于波斯匿王前,使王起敬信僧宝之念。见经律异相十六。
童寿《佛学大辞典》
(人名)姚秦三藏鸠摩罗什之译名。
童授《佛学大辞典》
(人名)新因明之祖,陈那之译名。西域记十曰:“陈那,唐言童授。”
童真《佛学大辞典》
(术语)沙弥之异名,又通于有发童子,凡童子之性,天真烂漫,故云真,若准汉语则当云真童,今准梵语故曰童真。玄应音义五曰:“童真是沙弥别名。梵云究摩啰浮多Kumārabahūta,究摩啰者,是彼土八岁未冠者童子总名。浮多此云真,亦言实也。”楞严经五曰:“今于如来得童真名,预菩萨会。”
童真住《佛学大辞典》
(术语)十住之第八住。初生于佛家,在童子之位也。
童蒙止观《佛学大辞典》
(术语)修习止观坐禅法要之异名。
童行《佛学大辞典》
(职位)禅寺入寺之年少未得度之童子名。或云道者。
童行堂《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)童行之居室也。
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