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Term Definition
胁《佛学大辞典》
(人名)即胁尊者。
胁侍《佛学大辞典》
(术语)与胁士同。侍为侍者。
胁士《佛学大辞典》
(术语)又作胁侍,挟侍,立于佛两胁之菩萨也。士为大士,菩萨之译名,常侍佛赞佛化众生之大士也。观音势至为阿弥陀佛之胁士(观经),日光月光为药师佛之胁士(药师经),文殊普贤为释迦佛之胁士(华严经),若在小乘,则以大迦叶阿难为胁士。
胁尊者《佛学大辞典》
(人名)梵曰波栗湿缚Pārśva,又作波奢。付法传中第十祖。小乘有部众人,劝迦腻色迦王为婆娑结集者,即第四结集之人。其所以称胁者,西域记二曰:“波栗湿缚,唐言胁,初尊者之为梵志师也。年垂八十舍家染衣,城中少年便诮之曰:愚夫朽老,一何浅智。夫出家者,有二业焉:一则习定,二乃诵经。而今衰耄,无所进取,滥迹清流,徒知饱食。时胁尊者,闻诸讥议,因谢时人而自誓曰:我若不通三藏理,不断三界欲,得六神通,具八解脱,终不以胁而至于席。(中略)绵历三岁,学通三藏,断三界欲,得三明智,时人敬仰,因号胁尊者。”玄应音义二十五曰:“胁尊者,付法藏中波奢比丘,常坐者也。”付法藏传五曰:“彼胁比丘,由昔业故,在母胎中,六十余年。既生之后,须发皓白,厌恶五欲,不乐居家,往就尊者佛陀密多,稽首礼足,求在道次。(中略)勤修苦行,精进勇猛,未曾以胁至地而卧,时人即号为胁比丘。”
胁比丘《佛学大辞典》
(人名)与胁尊者同。
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