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Term Definition
腊《佛学大辞典》
(术语)又作腊。岁终祭神,汉谓为腊。因而比丘受戒后,终三旬之安居,名为腊。取岁终之义也。出家之年岁,与俗异,以受戒以后之安居数为年次也。故有戒腊夏腊法腊等称。玄应音义十四曰:“腊力盍切,案风俗通曰:夏曰嘉平,殷曰清祀,周曰大蜡,汉曰腊。腊猎也,猎取禽兽祭先祖也。此岁终祭神之名也。经中言腊佛者即是义也。或曰:腊者接也,新故交接也。诸经律中亦名岁,如亲岁经等。(中略)今比丘或言腊,或言夏,或言雨,亦尔,皆取一终之义。案天竺多雨,名雨安居,从五月十五日至八月十五日也。土火罗诸国至十二月安居,今言腊者近是也。此方言夏安居,各就其事制名也。”元稹诗曰:“七十八年三十腊。”
腊伐尼《佛学大辞典》
(地名)见“岚毗尼”条。
腊佛《佛学大辞典》
(行事)谓七月十五日之夏末献供于佛。所谓盂兰盆也。
腊八《佛学大辞典》
(行事)十二月八日释尊成道日之法会。即成道会也。
腊八粥《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)宋时东京十二月初八日,都城诸大寺,送七宝五味粥。谓之腊八粥。见天中记。又清嘉录卷十二曰:“案荆楚岁时记,十二月初八日为腊日。魏台访议汉以戌腊,魏以丑腊,以腊非定以初八日也。又西域诸国志云:天竺国十二月十六日为腊,而唐书历志以十二月为腊月,故八日为腊八。吴自牧书梦粱录云:十二月八日寺院谓之腊,八大刹等寺,俱设五味粥,名曰腊八粥。又梦元老东京梦华录:十二月初八日诸僧寺送七宝五味粥于门徒斗饮,谓之腊八粥,一名佛粥。陆放翁诗:今朝佛粥更相馈,反觉江村节物新。周密武林旧事云:寺院及人家,皆有腊八粥,用胡桃松子乳蕈柿粟为之。又孙国敉燕都游览志云:十二月八日,民间作腊八粥,以米果杂成,多者为胜。又吴曼云江乡节物词小序云:杭俗腊八粥一名七宝粥,本僧斋供,今则居室者亦为之矣。诗云:双弓学得僧厨法,瓦钵分盛和蔗胎。莫笑今年榛粟少,记曾画粥断齑来。而九县志亦皆云:十二月八日以菜果入米煮粥名曰腊八粥。”李福腊八粥诗曰:“腊月八日粥,传自梵王国。七宝美调和,五味香糁入。用以供伊蒲,藉之作功德。僧尼多好事,踵事增华饰。此风未汰除,歉岁尚沿袭。今晨或馈遗,啜之不能食。吾家住城南,饥民两寺(时开元瑞光两寺官设粥厂救济贫民)集。男女叫号喧,老少吞声泣。问尔泣何为?答言我无得。此景亲见之,令我心凄恻。荒政十有二,蠲赈最下策。悭囊未易破,胥吏弊何极。所以经费艰,安能按户给。吾佛好施舍,君子贵周急。愿言借粟多,苍生免菜色。此志虚莫偿,嗟叹复何益。安得布地金,凭仗大慈力。睠焉对是粥,跂望蒸民粒。”
腊次《佛学大辞典》
(术语)又曰腊次,法腊之次第也。
腊缚《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)(杂语)Lava,时刻名。俱舍论十二曰:“刹那百二十为一怛刹那,六十怛刹那为一腊缚,三十腊缚为一牟呼粟多,三十牟呼粟多为一昼夜。”
腊饼《佛学大辞典》
(仪式)七月十五日献佛之饼也。玄应音义十六曰:“腊饼谓今七月十五日夏罢,献供之饼也。”
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