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Term Definition
苾[口*陵]吃[口*栗]知《佛学大辞典》
(天名)摩醯首罗天之子名。大日经疏五曰:“苾[口*陵]吃[口*栗]知,是摩醯首罗子。身极枯瘦,以常降伏怨敌。假使骨肉消尽,要令得胜,故为此形。私谓即是智度所云常修苦行,割肉祀火,感生诸恶神者也,所以住在南方。”梵Bhṛṇgiriṭi。
苾刍《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Bhikṣu,又云煏刍。同于旧译之比丘。译曰乞士,除士,除馑男,熏士,道士等。出家为佛弟子,受具足戒者之都名也。以此方无正翻之语,故经论中多存比丘。苾刍之梵名,或以乞士,破烦恼之二义解之,或以净乞食,破烦恼,净持戒,能怖魔之四义释之。乞士者,以彼自无所营,乞人之信施而清净活命故也。破烦恼者,以修圣道而破烦恼故也。净持戒者,以受持尽形净戒故也。能怖魔者,以必入涅槃使魔畏怖故也。智度论三曰:“云何名比丘?比丘名乞士。清净活命,故名为乞士。复次比名破,丘名烦恼,能破烦恼,故名比丘。复次,受戒时自言:我是某甲比丘,尽形寿持戒,故名比丘。复次,比名怖,丘名能怖魔王及魔人民。当出家剃头着染衣受戒,是时魔怖。何以故怖?魔言是人必得入涅槃。”维摩经佛国品注曰:“肇曰:比丘,秦言或名净乞食,或名破烦恼,或名净持戒,或名能怖魔。天竺一名该此四义,秦言无一名以译之,故存本名焉。”玄应音义八曰:“除馑,旧经中或言除士,除女。亦言熏士,熏女。今言比丘,比丘尼也。案梵言比丘,此言乞士,即与除馑义同。除六情饥,断贪欲染也。以善法熏修,即言熏士,熏女。”释迦谱七曰:“凡夫贪染六尘,犹饿夫饭不知厌足圣人断贪染六情饿饥,故号出家为除馑。”南山业疏三曰:“中梵本音,号曰煏刍。此传讹失,转比丘也。”探玄记十八曰:“比丘者,梵有三名:或云比呼,或云苾刍,或云比丘。此无正译,义翻有三:谓怖魔,破恶,及乞士。”然有以苾刍为草名者,亦一说也。妙吉祥平等秘密最上观门大教王经一曰:“吾吉祥草,矩舍(此言草),摩贺矩舍,室哩矩舍。世尊因地修行时,常卧此三草也。苾刍矩舍,悉党矩舍(此言白),世尊因地修行时,常枕此二草也。”慧琳音义二曰:“苾刍草名也,僧肇法师义苾刍有四胜德。”俱舍慧晖钞,翻译名义集,释氏要览等皆以为草名(业疏济缘记三之一,言世中妄传是草名者,讹也)。
苾刍习学略法《佛学大辞典》
(经名)根本说一切有部苾刍习学略法之略名。
苾刍五法经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,赵宋法天译。说新比丘有五法得离师之依止及戒,有七种之别。
苾刍尼《佛学大辞典》
(术语)又作煏刍尼Bhikṣuṇī,即比丘尼也。尼者女声。男僧云苾刍,女僧云苾刍尼。
苾刍尼戒经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)根本说一切有部苾刍尼戒经之略名。
苾刍尼毗奈耶《佛学大辞典》
(经名)Bhikṣuṇīvinaya,根本说一切有部苾刍尼毗奈耶之略名。
苾刍律仪《佛学大辞典》
(术语)苾刍应受持之戒律。即二百五十之具足戒也。
苾刍迦尸迦十法经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,宋法天译。说惭愧等十法。【苾刍迦尸迦十法经】(经名)一卷,赵宋法天译。佛对迦尸迦而说具足惭愧多闻等十法则得为人师。
苾力叉慕里迦《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)Vṛkṣamūlika,译曰树下坐。饰宗记五本曰:“苾力叉暮里迦,此云树下坐也。智论云:树下思惟,如佛生时,转法轮时,涅槃时,皆在树下。行者随诸佛法,常处树下。”
苾吒瞿波罗《佛学大辞典》
(异类)Pṛthukagopāla,夜叉名。译曰护儿。见大孔雀经中。
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