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Term Definition
覆《佛学大辞典》
(术语)小烦恼地法之一。二十随烦恼之一。心所名。恐名誉之欲堕,隐覆自造之罪之精神作用也。
覆业无明《佛学大辞典》
(术语)十五种无明之一。见“无明”条附录。
覆俗谛《佛学大辞典》
(术语)世俗谛,新曰覆俗谛。覆者覆真之义,覆真理之世俗事相也。寄归传四曰:“覆俗谛者,旧云世俗谛,义不尽也。意道俗事覆他真理,色本非瓶,妄为瓶解。声无歌曲,漫作歌心。(中略)由此覆真,名为覆俗矣。此据覆即俗,名为覆俗,或可但云真谛覆谛。”
覆器《佛学大辞典》
(譬喻)转覆之器,虽注水而水不入,以喻无惭无愧之人心既转覆,则道法不入也。智度论十五曰:“佛子罗云,其年幼稚未知慎口。人来问之:世尊在否?诡言不在。若不在时,诡言佛在。有人白佛。佛语罗云:于澡盘取水与吾洗足。说已,语言覆此澡盘。如敕即覆。佛曰:以水注之。注已。问曰水入中否?答曰:不入。佛语罗云:无惭愧人,以妄语覆心,道法不入,亦复如是。”释门归敬仪上曰:“覆器之喻,尘露于目前。”
覆墓《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)省墓也。释氏要览下曰:“殡后三日,再往墓所,谓之覆墓。”
覆帛《佛学大辞典》
(物名)覆佛像之布帛也。准提仪轨曰:“将像于静室秘密供养,以帛覆像。念诵时去覆帛,瞻礼供养。念诵毕欲以帛覆,慎勿令人见。”
覆手合掌《佛学大辞典》
(印相)见覆手向下合掌项。
覆手向下合掌《佛学大辞典》
(印相)十二合掌之一。大日经疏十三曰:“第十一次又俱覆二掌,亦以二手中指相接,名阿驮啰合掌。此云覆手向下合掌,第十二次又双覆两手,以二大指并而相接,十指头向外,亦同名也,亦名覆手合手也。”
覆油钵《佛学大辞典》
(故事)优婆鞠多之故事。付法传三谓尔时有一比丘尼,年百二十,曾见如来,优婆鞠多,知彼见佛,欲至其所,寻遣使者告比丘尼。尊者鞠多欲来相见。时比丘尼即以一钵盛满油置户扇后。优婆鞠多至其所止,当入房时,弃油数滴,共相慰问,而后就座。问言大姊,世尊在时,诸比丘辈,威仪进止,其事云何?比丘尼言:昔佛在世,六群比丘最粗暴,虽入此房,未曾遗我一滴水。大德今智慧高胜,世人号为无相好佛(不具三十二相之佛),然入吾房弃油数滴,由是观之,佛在时入定为奇妙。优婆鞠多闻是语,甚自悔责,极怀惭悔。
覆肩衣《佛学大辞典》
(衣服)依南山之旧律家,则覆肩衣祇支为二物,覆肩衣为覆右肩者,祇支为覆左肩者,是比丘尼受持五衣中之二衣也。其本制兴于比丘尼。但智度论记佛,对阿难特听覆肩衣,别有缘由。又汉地之风,不好露体,故仿阿难,两用祇支与覆肩衣。遂制出缝合两衣而为褊衫者云。此以四分律以三衣与祇支及覆肩衣为五衣,因而为比丘尼之受衣也。又义净之新律家以此二者为梵汉之异名,非为二物。覆肩衣即祇支,正音名僧脚畸。智度论所谓覆肩衣,亦覆左肩。乃祇支之事也(然四分律以为别衣者一重之物曰祇支,二重三重之物曰覆肩衣,十八物图引僧祇律曾释之)。智度论三曰:“阿难端正清净如好明镜,(中略)女人见之欲心即动,是故佛听阿难着覆肩衣。”行事钞下之一曰:“僧祇支法,此是中国梵言,此翻云上狭下广衣,(中略)僧祇祇支覆肩衣,长四肘广二肘,如是受持。”又曰:“是衣厥修罗,长四肘广二肘半(准似祇支国语不同),是衣覆肩衣,长四肘广二肘。”六物图曰:“初制意者,尼女报弱,故制祇支披左肩以衬袈裟。又制覆肩掩于右膊开遮形丑,是故尼众用五衣。大僧又有畜用,但是听衣耳(非制衣)。二释名者,梵语僧祇支,此云上狭下广衣,覆肩华语,未详梵音。”
覆腋衣《佛学大辞典》
(衣服)见“竭支”条。
覆藏他重罪戒《佛学大辞典》
(术语)八波罗夷之一。见“波罗夷”条附录。
覆藏犍度《佛学大辞典》
(术语)二十犍度之一。明治覆藏过失罪之章篇。四分律所说。
覆讲《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)师之讲,弟子更反覆讲之也。法华经化城喻品说十六王子覆讲法华经。法华玄义六曰:“十六王子覆讲法华。”
覆讳过失《佛学大辞典》
(术语)见“十心”条。
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