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Term Definition
迦《佛学大辞典》
(术语)ka,又作葛,嘎,揭,柯,羯,个,各,绀。悉昙体文三十五字中喉声之第一。五十字门之一。字记曰:“迦。”寄归传曰:“脚。”金刚顶经字母品曰:“迦字门,一切法,离作业故。”文殊问经曰:“称迦字时,是入业异熟声。”大庄严经曰:“唱迦字时,出入业果声。”涅槃经曰:“迦者,于诸众生起大慈悲,生于子想,如罗睺罗,作妙善义,是故名迦。”四十二字门曰:“称迦字时,入差别种种般若波罗蜜门,悟一切法作者不可得故。”般若经曰:“迦字门入诸法作者不可得故。”此从Kārya(业作)释之也。
迦丁比丘《佛学大辞典》
(人名)佛灭后之罗汉名。
迦丁比丘说当来变经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)一卷,失译人名。说末世佛法破灭之相者。
迦兰多迦《佛学大辞典》
(动物)鸟名。见“迦兰陀”条。
迦兰那富罗《佛学大辞典》
(地名)Karṇapur,聚落名。译曰耳城。见本行集经三十三。
迦兰陀《佛学大辞典》
(动物)Karaṇḍa,Karaṇḍaka,又云迦兰驮,迦蓝陀,羯兰铎迦,迦兰多迦,迦兰陀夷,羯兰驮迦,伽邻等。鸟名。译曰好声鸟。玄应音义十九曰:“迦兰陀鸟,或言柯兰陀,或作迦兰驮迦,或云羯兰铎迦,皆梵音轻重也。此译云好声鸟也。案外国传云:其形似鹊。但此鸟群集,多栖竹林。”释迦谱五曰:“时摩竭陀国,有一长者,名曰迦陵。(中略)是故名曰迦陵竹园。”

又山鼠名。善见律六曰:“迦兰陀者,是山鼠名。”

迦兰陀夷《佛学大辞典》
(地名)竹园名。见“迦兰陀”条。
迦兰陀村《佛学大辞典》
(地名)善见律六曰:“时毗舍离王,将诸妓女,入山游戏。王时疲倦,眠一树下。伎女左右,四散走戏。时树下窟中,有大毒蛇,闻王酒气,出欲螫王。树上有鼠,从上来下,鸣唤觉王,蛇即还缩。(中略)王自念言:我今复活,由鼠之恩。王便思惟,欲报鼠恩。时山边有村,王即命村中,自今以后,我之禄限,悉回供鼠。因此鼠故,即号此村,名为迦兰陀村。”
迦兰陀竹林《佛学大辞典》
(地名)Kāraṇḍa-veṇūvana,又云迦兰陀竹园,迦蓝陀竹园,迦陵竹园,迦邻竹园等。迦兰陀鸟所栖之竹林。又迦兰陀长者所有之竹林也。在摩竭陀国王舍城与上茅城之间。系迦兰陀长者所有,本与尼犍外道,后奉佛为僧园,是为印度僧园之初,所谓竹林精舍是也。慧琳音义四十一曰:“迦兰多迦,古云迦兰陀夷,或云羯兰铎迦,讹也。正云羯懒驮迦,大竹园名也,在王舍城。”西域记九曰:“初此城中(言上茅城)有大长者迦兰陀,时称豪贵。以大竹园,施诸外道。及见如来闻法净信,追惜竹园居彼异众。今天人师,以无馆舍。时诸鬼神,感其诚心,斥逐外道。而告之曰:长者迦兰陀,当以竹园起佛精舍,汝宜速去得免危厄。外道忿恚,含瞋而去。长者于此建立精舍,功成事毕。躬往请佛,如来是时遂受其施。”玄应音义五曰:“迦兰陀,鸟名也,其形似鹊。鞞纽婆那,此云竹林。谓大竹林也,此鸟多栖此林。”竹园精舍之缘起,详于中本起经上。然依因果经,四分律,则为瓶沙王所施与。四分律五十(房舍犍度)曰:“尔时世尊,在王舍城。摩竭王瓶沙,作如是念:世尊若初来所入园,便当布施作僧伽蓝。时王舍城,有迦兰陀竹园,最为第一。时世尊知王心念,即往迦兰陀竹园。王遥见世尊来,即自下象,取象上褥,叠为四重。敷已,白佛言:愿坐此座。世尊即就座而坐。时瓶沙王,操金澡瓶,授水与佛。白言:此王舍城,迦兰陀竹园,最为第一。今奉施世尊,愿慈愍故为纳受。(中略)王瓶沙,闻世尊听众僧作房舍,欲于迦兰陀竹园,作大讲堂如王住殿,一切所须,供给具足,佛言听作。”因果经四曰:“时频毗娑罗王,知佛受请住竹园已,顶礼佛足,辞退而去。王还城已,即敕诸臣,令于竹园,起诸堂舍。种种庄饰,极令严丽,悬缯幡盖,散花烧香,悉皆办已。即便严驾,往至佛所。头面礼足,而白佛言:竹园僧伽蓝,修理已毕。唯愿世尊,与比丘僧,哀愍我故,往住彼也。”以上竹林精舍施与者虽有二说,然是混杂园林之寄附者与精舍之施与者。盖竹园系长者迦兰陀所寄附,其园中精舍为频婆沙罗王建立奉佛也。
迦兰陀长者《佛学大辞典》
(人名)善见律六曰:“迦兰陀子者,是时村中有一长者,有金钱四十亿。王即赐长者位,因村名故,号迦兰陀长者。”
迦兰频伽《佛学大辞典》
(动物)鸟名。见“迦陵频伽”条。
迦利《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Kali,又云哥利,歌利,迦梨,羯利,迦蓝浮,迦罗富,迦黎。王名。译曰斗诤,恶生。西域记三曰:“瞢揭厘城东四五里,有窣堵波,极多灵瑞。是佛在昔,作忍辱仙。于此为羯利王(唐言斗诤,旧云哥利,讹也),割截肢体。”玄应音义三曰:“歌利王,或言迦利王,论中作迦蓝浮王,皆讹也,正言羯利王,此译云斗诤王。西域记云:在乌仗那国,瞢揭厘城东四五里,是其处也。旧云恶世无道王,即波罗奈国王也。”涅槃经三十一曰:“迦罗富。”度无极集五曰:“迦黎。”

又梵Kaliṅgarājā(名义大集一八○)。

迦利底迦《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)又云迦利邸迦,歌利底迦。月名。见“迦絺那”条。
迦利沙《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)又作迦利沙那。两目名。起世经七注曰:“半迦利沙,隋言半两也。”楞伽经曰:“迦利沙那。”梵Karṣa,Karṣaṇa。
迦利沙婆那《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)同迦利沙波拏。
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