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Term Definition
逆修《佛学大辞典》
(术语)逆修吾死后之佛事也。又云豫修。灌顶随愿往生十力净土经曰:“四辈男女,能解法戒。知身如幻,精勤修习,行菩提道。未终之时,逆修三七。燃灯续明,悬缯幡盖。请召众僧,转诵尊经,修诸福业,得福多不?佛言:普广!其福无量,不可度量。随心所愿,获其果实。”释氏要览下曰:“豫修斋七。”(按要览误本经之三七为生七而为斋七之说)。
逆化《佛学大辞典》
(术语)佛菩萨之善计,化教行邪道之众生也,如灯光梵志,和须密多女等。
逆喻《佛学大辞典》
(术语)谓由果推因,由末究本之喻法。例如大海有本谓大河,大河有本谓小河,小河有本谓大池等。八喻法之一。见涅槃经二十九,三藏法数三十二。
逆流《佛学大辞典》
(术语)须陀洹之译名,新作预流,旧作逆流。以初背生死之流而入涅槃之道故也。大乘义章十七本曰:“须陀洹者,是外国语。义释有三:(中略)二随义傍翻,名为逆流,逆生死流,三途生死,永不受故。”楞严经四曰:“今欲逆生死欲流,反穷流根至不生灭。”
逆缘《佛学大辞典》
(术语)恶事为佛道之缘也。盖对于佛果菩提则恶为逆缘,善为顺缘,对于生死苦果,则善为逆缘,恶为顺缘。总之违逆固体之果性者,皆逆缘也。楞严经六曰:“圣性无不通,顺逆皆方便。”然通常所论之顺逆二缘,为对于佛果菩提者,逆佛道之道为逆缘,顺佛道之道为顺缘。而顺逆虽异而其结缘佛道则一也。因之顺逆二缘共欲济度。是佛道之本意也。止观五上曰:“因缘有逆顺,顺生死者,有漏业为因,爱取等为缘。逆生死者,以无漏正慧为因,行行为缘。俱损生破惑。”
逆观《佛学大辞典》
(术语)对顺观而云,逆次修观也。例如观十二因缘,不依无明,行,识,之次第,而观老死,病,生,有也。即从果探因也。真言从诸法无因而观,使归于本不生,称为逆观旋转。大日经疏第七曰:“若法无因,则谛不可得。若谛不可得,则自性钝也。若是自性钝,当知本性寂也。若本性寂,当知无相也。乃至若本不生,当知无因也。”
逆谤《佛学大辞典》
(术语)五逆罪者与诽谤正法者。无量寿经上曰:“唯除五逆诽谤正法。”
逆路伽耶陀《佛学大辞典》
(流派)梵云路伽耶陀Lokāyata,译曰顺世外道。立顺世情之教外道名。梵云缚摩路伽耶陀Vāma-lokāyata,译曰逆顺世外道。又曰左顺世外道。反于顺世外道而立逆世情之左教之外道名。玄赞九曰:“路伽耶陀者,先云恶答对人。正言路迦耶底迦,云顺世外道,逆路伽耶陀者。先云恶征问人,正言缚摩路迦耶底迦,云左顺世外道。执与前乖者,名左顺世也。”法华嘉祥疏十曰:“路伽耶陀者,旧云是恶解义。逆路迦耶陀者,是恶论义。注经云:路伽耶陀者,如此间礼仪名教儒墨之流也。逆路伽耶陀者,如老庄玄书绝仁弃圣之例。又言:路伽耶陀,翻为世间行。逆路伽耶陀,此云逆世间行。”法华经安乐行品曰:“路伽耶陀,逆路伽耶陀者。”
逆顺《佛学大辞典》
(术语)又曰违顺。违逆真理谓之逆,随顺真理谓之顺。又用于各种之意义,如逆流顺流,逆缘顺缘等。
逆顺三昧《佛学大辞典》
(术语)于顺逆诸法得自在之禅定。智度论四十七曰:“得此三昧,于诸法中逆顺自在。”
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