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Term Definition
道《佛学大辞典》
(术语)能通之义。大要有三种:一有漏道,善业通人使至善处,恶业通人使趣恶处,故善恶二业谓之道。所至所趣之处亦名为道,如地狱等之六道是也。净土论注上曰:“道者通也。以如此因,得如此果。以如是果,酬如是因。通因至果,通果酬因。故名为道。”大乘义章八末曰:“所言道者,从因名也。善恶两业,通因至果,名之为道。地狱等报,为道所诣,故名为道。”二无漏道,七觉八正等法,能通行人使至涅槃,故谓之道。又行体虚融无碍,故为通之义。以通故,名为道。如道谛,道品,声闻道,佛道等。梵言菩提是也。大乘义章十六曰:“诸行同体,虚融无碍。名之为通。通故名道。”三论玄义曰:“至妙虚通,目之为道。”俱舍论二十五曰:“道义云何,谓涅槃路,乘此能往涅槃城故。”法界次第中之下曰:“道以能通为义,正道及助道,是二相扶。能通至涅槃,故名为道。”华严大疏十八曰:“通至佛果,故名道。”三涅槃之体,排除一切障碍,无碍自在,谓之道。涅槃无名论曰:“夫涅槃之名道也。寂寥虚旷,不可以形名得。微妙无相,不可以有心知。”净土论注下曰:“道者,无碍道也。”大乘义章曰:“末伽。”Mārga梵语杂名曰:“末唎识。”
道一《佛学大辞典》
(人名)唐江西道一禅师,姓马氏,时称马祖。南岳让之法嗣也。见“江西”条。
道业《佛学大辞典》
(术语)可感人天之果之善业为福业。可成佛果之善业为道业。以菩提心而修之诸业也。
道中《佛学大辞典》
(术语)三道位之一。正证悟实道之位次也。见“道后”条。
道乐《佛学大辞典》
(术语)解道而自乐也。法华经药草喻品曰:“以道受乐。”阿育王经八曰:“今已得道乐。”
道交《佛学大辞典》
(术语)众生善根发动曰机,大悲为之感动曰应,机应相称曰道交。法华文句记一曰:“诸佛不来,众生不往。机应相称,故曰道交。”
道人《佛学大辞典》
(术语)得道之人,又修道之人也。汉书京房传曰:“道人始去,涌水为灾。注云:道人有道术之人也。”地理志曰:“代郡道人县注云:本有仙人游其地,因以为名。”四十二章经曰:“道人见欲,必当远之。”释氏要览上曰:“智度论云:得道者,名为道人。余出家者,未得道者,亦名道人。”
道休《佛学大辞典》
(人名)释道休,恒以头陀为业。住雍州新丰福缘寺南晒山幽谷。结草为庵,一坐七日,乃出其定。出山乞食。施说禁戒。诲人慈善。如是积四十年。贞观三年夏内,依期不出,端拱而卒。然休师出家已来,常但三衣,不服缯纩。以伤生也。所著布衣,积有年稔。尘朽零破,见者心寒。
道位《佛学大辞典》
(术语)修道之位次。如菩萨之十地,声闻之七方便位等。中论疏一曰:“名贯道位。德备三忍。”
道体《佛学大辞典》
(术语)圣道之体也。谓自己之本心。以一切之圣道由之而生也。戒疏行宗记二上曰:“言道体者,道无别体,即本净心。心随染缘,与道相反,故禁重罪,还复本净。无漏圣道由此而生。故云体也。”
道俗《佛学大辞典》
(术语)出家之人曰道,在家之人日俗。智度论十曰:“佛弟子七众:比丘、比丘尼、学戒尼、沙弥、沙弥尼、优婆塞、优婆夷。优婆塞,优婆夷是居家,余五众是出家。”注维摩经二曰:“肇曰:大士美恶齐旨,道俗一观故。终日凡夫而终日道法也。”中论疏一曰:“道俗者。智度论云:声闻法中未说生死即涅槃。众生则是佛,故二乘不能一道俗也。道则涅槃,俗则生死。”
道俗业经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)演道俗业经之略名。
道信《佛学大辞典》
(人名)禅宗东土之第四祖也。嗣法于僧璨,传于弘忍,傍出金陵牛头山之一系。唐高宗永徽辛亥寂,寿七十二。见传灯录三。
道元《佛学大辞典》
(术语)正道之根元也。唐华严经十四曰:“信为道元功德母,长养一切诸善法。”
道光《佛学大辞典》
(术语)道之光明也。道体清净,离一切过垢,照破无明之闇,故曰道光。赞阿弥陀佛偈曰:“道光明朗色超绝,故佛又号清净光。”
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