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Term Definition
酒《佛学大辞典》
(物名)梵语苏罗Surā,僧俗之戒,通严禁酒。五戒之第五。十戒之第五。具足戒中九十单堕之第五十一。菩萨四十八轻戒之第二。智度论列三十五过,四分律举十失。俱舍论十四曰:“契经说:诸有苾刍称我为师不应饮酒,乃至极少如一茅端所沾酒量亦不应饮。”四分律十六曰:“佛告阿难:自今以后,以我为师者。乃至不得以草木头内着酒中而入口。”焚网经下曰:“若佛子,故饮酒而生酒过失无量,若自身手过酒器与人饮酒者,五百世无手。何况自饮!”大爱道比丘尼经曰:“夫酒为毒药,酒为毒水,酒为毒气。众失之源,众恶之本。”持律者以酒为性罪。对法师以酒为遮罪。俱舍论十四有问答。
酒两《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)酒味也。行事钞下二曰:“变成苦酒者不得饮,以酒两已成故。”同资持记曰:“两即味也,北人呼酒味为两。”
酒十过《佛学大辞典》
(名数)见“饮酒”条。
酒有三类《佛学大辞典》
(名数)一窣罗Surā,以食制之者。二迷丽耶,以余物制之者。三末陀Madya,前二种之未熟已坏而使人醉者。俱舍论十四曰:“酝食成酒名为窣罗,酝余物所成名迷丽耶酒。即前二酒未熟已坏不能名酒,不名末陀,若令醉时名末陀酒。”

又有三酒:一谷酒,二果酒,三药草酒。智度论十三曰:“果酒者,葡萄阿梨吒树果,如是等种种名为果酒。药草酒者,种种药草合和米曲甘蔗汁中能变成酒。”

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