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Term Definition
锡《佛学大辞典》
(物名)锡杖之略。
锡仑《佛学大辞典》
(地名)印度半岛东南端之一岛。虽称世尊传道之地,然实非也。乃阿育王王子摩呬陀开教之地耳。又曰狮子洲。
锡杖《佛学大辞典》
(物名)十八物之一。梵语,吃弃罗Khakkhara,译为锡杖,声杖,呜杖。锡者,取振时作锡之声。又有智杖,德杖之德名。有显密之二意。显教为乞食或驱虫也。锡杖经曰:“佛告比丘:汝等当受持锡杖,所以者何?过去未来现在诸佛皆执故。又名智杖,彰显圣智故。亦名德杖,行功德本故。圣人之表帜,贤士之明记,道法之正幢。”毗奈耶杂事三十四曰:“苾刍乞食入人家,作声警觉,拳打门扇。家人怪问:何故打破我门?默尔无答。佛言:不应打门,可作锡杖。苾刍不解。佛言:杖头安环,圆如盏口,安小环子,摇动作声而警觉。(中略)至不信家,久摇锡时,遂生疲倦,而彼家人竟无出问。佛言:不应多时摇动,可二三度摇。无人问时,即须行去。”十诵律五十六曰:“杖法者,佛在寒园林中住,多诸腹行毒虫啮诸比丘。佛言:应作有声杖,驱遣毒虫,是名杖法。”四分律五十三曰:“诸比丘道行,见蛇蛆蜈蚣百足,未离欲比丘见皆怖白佛。佛言:听投锡杖动。”其制法依锡杖经,迦叶佛为二股十二环,释迦佛为四股十二环。四股十二环表四谛十二因缘。二股十二环表世谛第一谛之二谛与十二因缘。然寄归传四曰:“言锡杖者,梵云契弃罗,则是鸣声之义。古人译为锡者,意取锡作声,鸣杖锡杖任情称。说目验西方所持锡杖,头上唯有一股铁卷,可容三二寸,安其錞管长四五指,其竿用木,粗细随时,高与肩齐,下安铁纂,可二寸许,其环或圆或偏,屈合中间可容大指,或六或八,穿安股上,铜铃任情。元斯制意,为乞食时防其牛犬,何用辛苦擎奉劳心?而复通身总铁,头安四股,重滞将持,非常冷涩,非本制也。”密教以为五大所成之法界塔婆,地藏观音之三昧耶形也。故有六环,以表六大,上头有五轮之卷形,以表宝塔。
锡杖经《佛学大辞典》
(书名)得道梯邓锡杖经之略名。
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