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Term Definition
阐提《佛学大辞典》
(术语)一阐提之略。不成佛之义也。此有二种:一断善阐提,起大邪见而断一切之善根者。二,大悲阐提,菩萨有大悲心,欲度尽一切众生而成佛,众生无尽,故已毕竟无成佛之期者。见一阐提条。楞伽经一曰:“一阐提有二种:一者舍一切善根,及于无始众生发愿。”止观六曰:“阐提有心,犹可作佛。二乘灭智,心不可生。”

又比丘名。涅槃经二十六曰:“屠家之子,常修恶业,以见我故,即便舍离,如阐提比丘。”

阐教《佛学大辞典》
(职位)见“僧录司”条。
阐铎迦《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Chandaka,又作阐陀。旧称车匿。比丘名。译曰乐欲。太子出城时御马者。玄应音义二十三曰:“铎,徒洛切,人名也。此云乐欲。”慧琳音义六十三曰:“阐铎迦,如来仆使之名,古云车匿也。”见“车匿”条。
阐陀《佛学大辞典》
(人名)又作阐那,车匿,阐择迦。比丘名。太子出城时为御马者。六群比丘之一。见“车匿”条。

又外道六论之一。百论疏上之下曰:“阐陀论释作首卢迦法,佛弟子五通仙等说偈名首卢迦。”

又婆罗门读诵之法也。五分律二十六曰:“有婆罗门兄弟二人诵阐陀鞞陀书,后于正法出家。闻诸比丘诵经不正,讥诃言:诸大德久出家,而不知男女语、一语多语、现在过去未来语、长短音、轻重音,乃作如此诵读佛经。比丘闻羞耻。二比丘往至佛所,具以白佛。佛言:听随国音读诵,但不得违失佛意,不听以佛语作外书语。”有部毗奈耶杂事六曰:“苾刍不应歌咏引声而诵经法,若苾刍作阐陀声诵经典者,得越法罪。若方国言音须引声者,作时无犯。”注曰:“言阐陀者,谓婆罗门读诵之法,长引其声,以手指点空而作节段。博士先唱,诸人随后。”

阐陀鞞陀《佛学大辞典》
(术语)十八鞞陀之一。梵Chandas。
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