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Term Definition
限分《佛学大辞典》
(术语)南山律宗之意,佛之制戒,有深防与限分之二。制戒本为止业因。业因必由三毒。凡夫未能了心性,卒然制之甚难,故约于身口二业而制四重。二业既清净,则心自沉静。能见过本。故制四重为道体。是根本制也。更制其余种类以防四重名为深防。又因过犯尚未穷极,豫加重制,禁微以防着,亦名深防。如比丘尼触男臂准为重犯等,此二义,初通于四重,则为通义,后就四重各各而论,则为别义。次分限者制意业也。善恶之本缘,无非我倒,依此我倒而结业堕于生死。故各随其限分而还制其心。故曰心念作。发心作。皆名犯。然诸师多不立此义。戒者但约于身口,于何处明心戒?虽然,身口具非感善恶。依思心而成业道也。但见论中,若制心戒者无得脱者,就其独头之心而言也。独头之心念忽起缘非,不名为犯。重缘向念得思觉,而不制止(谓之重缘心),故成犯也。此亦有通别之二。通者谓制止一切之邪念,别者如比丘比丘尼于睡眠中漏不净,则比丘犯僧残罪,比丘尼犯波逸提罪是也。见戒疏一下,二上,行事钞上一之一。
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