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Term Definition
首卢《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)Śloka,又作首卢迦,首卢柯,输卢迦波,室路迦,室卢迦。总算经论文字之名也。三十二字名一首卢(首卢迦为韵文之名,谓一句三十二语为节者。算散文之经,亦依此算法,谓为三千颂十万颂等)。玄应音义十七曰:“首卢,亦名室路迦;或言输卢迦波,印度数经皆以三十二字为一输卢迦;或名伽陀。”同二十五曰:“或云首卢迦,或言首卢柯,约凡夫作世间咏者也。此则围陀论中之一数也。”瑜伽伦记五上曰:“若八字生是处中句,此即四句三十二字名室路迦。经论文章,多依此数。无问长行及偈颂,但满三十二字,旧名首卢。”
首卢迦《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)见首卢项。
首图驮那《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Śuddhodana,旧作输头檀。净饭王之梵名也。玄应音义四曰:“输头檀王,正言首图驮那王,此译曰净饭,或言白饭,非也。”
首座《佛学大辞典》
(职位)即座中之首位者。僧史略中曰:“首座之名,即上座也。居席之端,处僧之上,故曰也。寻唐世敕辩章,捡校修寺,宣宗赏其功,署三教首座。(中略)次复经论之学,或置首座。三教首座,则辩章为始也。朱梁洎周,或除或立,今大宋有讲经讲论首座,乃僧录之外则立耳。”是为官许之名。
首悔《佛学大辞典》
(术语)自陈罪而忏悔也。
首意经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)梵志女首意经之略。
首楞严《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Śūraṁgama,新云首楞伽摩。译曰健相,健行,一切事竟。佛所得三昧之名也。健相者,譬幢旗之坚固也。以比佛德坚固,诸魔不能坏。一切事竟者,佛德之究竟也。智度论四十七曰:“首楞严三昧者,秦言健相。分别知诸三昧行相多少浅深,如大将知诸兵力多少。复次,菩萨得此三昧,诸烦恼魔及魔人无能坏者,譬如转轮圣王,主兵宝将所住至处,无能坏伏。”涅槃经二十七曰:“首楞严者名一切事竟。严者名坚,一切毕竟而得坚固,名首楞严。以是故言首楞严定,名为佛性。”玄应音义二十三曰:“首楞伽摩,此云健行定,亦言健相,旧云首楞严也。”首楞严三昧经中曰:“菩萨得首楞严三昧,能以三千大千世界入芥子中,令诸山河日月星宿悉现如故,而不迫迮,示诸众生。首楞严三昧不可思议势力如是。”
首楞严三昧《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Śūraṁgamasamādhi,见“首楞严”条。
首楞严三昧五名《佛学大辞典》
(名数)涅槃经二十七曰:“首楞严三昧者,有五种名:一者首楞严三昧。二者般若波罗蜜。三者金刚三昧。四者师子吼三昧。五者佛性。随其所作,处处得名。”
首楞严三昧经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)三卷,秦罗什译。坚意菩萨,问三昧之法,佛唱首楞严之名广说其字义,而现妙用。
首楞严定《佛学大辞典》
(术语)首楞严三昧也。
首楞严经《佛学大辞典》
(经名)大佛顶如来蜜因修证了义诸菩萨万行首楞严经之略名。首楞严者,三昧之名,万行之总称也。有十卷。经题下曰:“一名中印度那烂陀大道场经,于灌顶部录出别行。大唐神龙元年龙集乙巳五月己卯朔二十三日辛丑,中天竺沙门般剌蜜帝于广州制止道场译,菩萨戒弟子前正谏大夫同中书门下平章事清河房融笔授,乌长国沙门弥伽释迦译语。”此经不载于丽宋元明四大藏,因有真伪之诤。然长水引智升之开元释教录九云:“大佛顶如来密因修证了义诸菩萨万行首楞严经十卷,右一部十卷今现在。沙门释怀迪州人也。住罗浮山南楼寺,(中略)后因游广州遇一梵僧(未得其名),赍梵经一夹,请共译之,勤成十卷,即大佛顶万行首楞严经是也。”经之题目及纸叶文句与今之房融本并无差异,二经皆真经也。阅藏知津曰:“阿难示堕摩登伽难,佛放顶光说咒。敕文殊将咒往护,提奖来归,启请大法。佛为先开圆解,次示圆行,次明圆位。乃至精研七趣,详辨阴魔。此宗教司南,性相总要。一代法门之精髓,成佛作祖之正印也。”诸家之注述,及关系本经之著作如下:楞严经义海,三十卷,唐怀迪证释,宋子璇义疏并科,宋晓月标指,宋仁岳集解,宋咸辉排经人注。楞严经经科一卷,宋子璇述。楞严经义疏注经二十卷,宋子璇集。楞严经义疏释要钞六卷,宋怀远录。楞严经释题一卷,宋宗印述。即楞严经集注卷一。楞严经集注十卷,宋思坦集注。楞严经集解熏闻记五卷,宋仁岳述。楞严经要解二十卷,宋戒环解。楞严经笺二十卷,宋惟悫释,可度笺。楞严经合论十卷,宋德洪造论,正受厘论入经并删补。楞严经会解十卷,元惟则会解。楞严经正脉疏科一卷,明真鉴作。楞严经正脉疏悬示一卷,明真鉴述。楞严经正脉疏十卷,明真鉴述。楞严摸象记一卷,明祩宏述。楞严经悬镜一卷,明德清述。楞严经通议提纲略科一卷,明德清排订。楞严经通议十卷,明德清述。楞严经臆说一卷,明圆澄注。楞严经圆通疏十卷,元惟则会解,明传镫疏。楞严经百问一卷,明百松和尚着。楞严经玄义四卷,明传镫述。楞严经秘录十卷,明一松大师说,门人灵述记。楞严经玄义二卷,明智旭撰述,道昉参订。楞严经文句十卷,明智旭撰述,道昉参订。楞严经合辙十卷,明通润述。楞严经直指科文一卷。楞严经直指总论十卷,明函是疏。楞严经击节一卷,明大诏撰。楞严经悬谈一卷,明观衡撰。楞严经略疏十卷,明元贤述。内题楞严说通。楞严经贯摄十卷,刘道开纂述。楞严经观心定解科一卷,灵耀述。楞严经观心定解大纲一卷,灵耀述。楞严经观心定解十卷,灵耀述。楞严经问答一卷,净挺着。楞严经指掌疏悬示一卷,通理述。楞严经指掌疏十卷,通理述。楞严经指掌疏事义一卷,通理述。楞严经截流二卷,明传如述。楞严经圆通疏前茅二卷,明传灯述。楞严经直解十卷,明广莫直解。楞严经讲录十卷,明乘旹讲录。楞严经纂注十卷,明真界纂注。楞严经正见十卷,济时述。楞严经说约一卷,明陆西星述。楞严经述旨十卷,明陆西星述。楞严经精解评林三卷,明焦竑纂。楞严经宗通十卷,明曾凤仪宗通。楞严经如说十卷,明钟惺撰。楞严经疏解蒙钞三十六卷,明钱谦益钞。楞严经证疏广解十卷,明凌弘宪辑。楞严经宝镜疏科文一卷,溥畹撰。楞严经宝镜疏悬谈一卷,溥畹撰。楞严经宝镜疏十卷,溥畹撰。大势至圆通章科解一卷,明正相解。楞严经大势至菩萨念佛圆通章疏钞一卷,续法集。楞严经势至圆通章解一卷,行策撰。楞严经序指味疏一卷,谛闲述。
首楞伽摩《佛学大辞典》
(术语)Sūraṁgama,首楞严之新称。
首罗《佛学大辞典》
(异类)八夜叉之一。又周罗发也。见“周罗发”条。梵Cālaka,又Cūḍa。
首诃既那《佛学大辞典》
(界名)Śubhakṛtsnā,天名,译曰遍净。是色界第三禅中之第三天。见玄应音义三。
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