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Term Definition
黄卷赤轴《佛学大辞典》
(故事)又云黄纸朱轴,谓佛之经典也。案写经典用黄纸,盖准于唐代之黄敕,一为尊之,一为防虫害也。维摩经垂裕记一曰:“唐贞观中,始用黄纸,写敕制焉。至高宗上元二年诏曰:诏敕施行,既为永式。比用白纸多有虫蠹。今后尚书省,颁行天下,并宜用黄纸。”华严演义章曰:“言黄卷赤轴者,今大藏经卷是也。”正宗记曰:“教外别传,非谓黄卷赤轴。”
黄叶《佛学大辞典》
(譬喻)以杨树之黄叶为金,与小儿以止其啼。譬佛说天上之乐果以止人间之众恶也。见涅槃经二十。
黄叶止啼《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)见“黄叶”条。又见“杨叶”条。
黄垆《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)谓地下也。犹言黄泉。淮南子曰:“放乎九天之上,蟠手黄垆之下。”又为伤亡感旧之词。世说曰:“王戎过黄公酒垆。谓客曰:吾与嵇叔夜阮嗣宗酣饮此垆。自嵇阮亡后,视此虽近,邈若山河。”
黄头大士《佛学大辞典》
(佛名)佛生于迦毗罗城。迦毗罗者,黄色之义。此处本为黄头仙人之住处,因得迦毗罗之名,今以昔之黄头拟谓为黄头。名义集三曰:“迦毗罗,此云黄色。上古有仙,曰黄头。依此修道。”祖英集上曰:“黄头碧眼知未知。”
黄幡《佛学大辞典》
(物名)以黄纸作幡,悬之于死者之冢塔,则大有功德云。释门正统四曰:“释氏类苑云:或荐亡黄幡者。灌顶经云:若四辈男女若命终时,若已命过,于其亡日,造作黄幡,悬着刹上。离八难苦,得生十方诸佛净土。诸经要集问曰:何故经中为亡人造作黄幡,挂于冢塔上者?答曰:虽未见经释,可以义求。此五大色中,黄色居中,用表忠诚,尽心修福,为引中阴,不入恶趣,莫生边国。”
黄教《佛学大辞典》
(流派)喇嘛教之一派,十四世纪顷,宗喀巴Tsongkhapa慨红教之腐败而别为开始者,衣冠等皆用黄色,行于西藏,蒙古,伊犁。西藏新志中曰:“黄教之大喇嘛有四:一达赖喇嘛。二班禅喇嘛。三哲布尊丹巴。四多伦诺尔阿嘉胡图克图。相传哲布尊丹巴,为菩萨之转生,其势力普及蒙古地方。寺在图拉河右岸库伦等地,僧众万余。多伦诺尔阿嘉胡图克图,驻北京及其附近。”
黄昏偈《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)六时偈之一。法华忏法曰:“白众等听说,黄昏无常偈。此日已过,命即衰减,如少水鱼,斯有何乐?诸众等,当勤精进,如救头燃,但念苦空无常,勤慎莫放逸。”
黄杨木禅《佛学大辞典》
(术语)俗言黄杨至难长,若遇闰年却缩云。借以呵钝汉之参禅。大慧普说二曰:“这汉参黄杨木禅倒缩了也。”本草纲目三十六曰:“黄杨木其性难长,俗说岁长一寸,遇闰则退。今试之,但闰年不长耳。”
黄梅《佛学大辞典》
(人名)黄梅山在黄州府黄梅县,禅宗五祖弘忍,居黄梅山东禅院,因称黄梅。大明一统志六十一曰:“黄州府黄梅山,在黄梅县西四十里。其山多梅,故名。隋以此山名县。”
黄檗《佛学大辞典》
(人名)唐断际禅师希运,幼于福州黄檗山出家,后参江西百丈山海禅师而得道。后居洪州大安寺,海众奔辏。相国裴休镇宛陵,建大禅苑,请师说法,师酷爱旧山,因以黄檗名之。后称师云黄檗。见传灯录九。
黄檗宗《佛学大辞典》
(流派)宗名取于福清之黄檗山。唐贞元五年,正干禅师传六祖之法,开创此山,断际禅师住此,大振法道,名遂着。希运寂后,临济义玄之门裔,大为繁兴,尔后黄檗之道场,与临济之宗风,一其盛衰,隆于宋,废于元,至明代复兴。崇祯九年,隐元住此山,尤能中兴黄檗之古道,清顺治十一年,应日本之请,让席于门人慧门性沛而东渡,遂为日本黄檗宗之祖。
黄檗山《佛学大辞典》
(地名)在福建福清县西二十余里。其山多产黄檗,故名。唐贞元五年,正干禅师开创此山,建立一宇,名云般若堂。其后历八年,大辟堂宇,改号建福寺。寻希运禅师住山,黄檗之名顿显。自后遂为临济一派之大道场,宋代最盛,几阅星霜,渐即零落,明洪武二十三年,莆阳心鉴周公为檀越,请大休禅师革新一山之制规,重建殿宇。然至嘉靖三十四年,遇倭寇之乱,堂宇尽为灰烬,田地殆归乌有。隆庆初有中天正圆结茅庵于黄檗之荒址,以图恢复。万历二十九年,奏请藏经,孤苦八年,未蒙命而病殁。其徒兴寿兴慈等继其志。越六年,相国叶文忠公奏赐万福禅寺之号。四十二年,敕赐藏经全部并帑金三百两。于是募化重建诸堂。崇祯二年,隆宓隆瑞等,亦续其业,与诸檀越谋,谋金粟密云。六年冬,费隐继其席,九年夏,隐元承之,寺门之兴建,于是得全备。隐元复渡日本,弘传黄檗之教义,故日本亦有所谓黄檗山万福禅寺焉。出黄檗山志。

又江西宜丰县西北一百里鹫峰山。一名黄檗山。唐宣宗微时,尝与黄檗僧同观瀑布云。案黄檗僧似即断际禅师也。

黄檗山志《佛学大辞典》
(书名)八卷,黄檗宗性幽编,隐元重修。搜录黄檗山万福寺之起原沿革,及境内一切事迹者。且记希运至隐元之法系等。清初刊行。
黄檗山断际禅师传心法要《佛学大辞典》
(书名)一卷,唐裴休集。集录亲闻于希运禅师者,间或记其月日。文辞简洁,一读可以知禅要,又得窥其宗渊源。卷首有裴休序。卷尾附禅师宛陵录一卷。然收于景德传灯录者,题为黄檗希运禅师传心法要,删各章之岁月,又于卷末省略三分之一、却附加裴休之传心偈四言长一篇。唐大中十一年成。
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