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Term Definition
龙《佛学大辞典》
(异类)梵语,那伽Nāga,长身,无足,蛇属之长也。八部众之一。有神力。变化云雨。智度论曰:“那伽,秦言龙。”梵语杂名曰:“龙,梵名曩誐。”善见论十七曰:“龙者长身无足。”慈云之天竺别集上曰:“天龙一鳞虫耳,得一渧之水,散六虚以为洪流。”辅行四曰:“龙得小水以降大雨。”五不思议之中有龙之不思议。孔雀王经,大云经等说诸龙王之护持佛法。
龙主仙《佛学大辞典》
(术语)念诵羂索而成就,名为龙主仙。于诸龙中得自在。见圣迦抳金刚童子轨上。
龙光王佛《佛学大辞典》
(佛名)舍卫国波斯匿王在此佛所,既为深位之菩萨。仁王经中曰:“尔时世尊告大众言:是波斯匿王,已于过去十千劫,龙光王佛法中为四地菩萨,我为八地菩萨。”
龙光瑞像《佛学大辞典》
(图像)扬州龙光寺所安置之旃檀瑞像也。见“瑞像”条。【龙光瑞像】(图像)行事钞下二曰:“恐后世造像无所表彰,故目连躬将匠工上天取图,如是三反,方乃近真。(中略)中国之僧,欲将来汉地诸国各爱护之,不使出境,王令依本写而留之。今所传者,乃至四写也,彼本今在扬州长乐寺。又曰龙光瑞像。”同资持记下三之二曰:“中国之僧,即鸠摩罗琰,自西天负像欲来此方。路经四国,皆留本图写。至龟玆国,王抑之,自道使返,以妹妻之。后生罗什,什齎至姚秦。后南宋孝武破秦,躬迎此像,还江左,止于龙光寺。故号瑞像,至隋朝置于长乐寺。有僧奏请瑞像归寺,今在帝京。此据龙光壁记。”(今者为宋朝,在帝京者,汴都西华门外之圣禅院也)。续稽古史略一曰:“元仁宗延佑三年丙辰,于燕京大圣万安寺立栴檀瑞像殿,安置此像。翰林承旨程钜夫瑞像殿记曰:西土一千二百八十五年,龟玆六十八年,凉州十四年,长安十七年,江南一百七十三年,淮南三百六十七年,复至江南二十一年,汴京一百七十七年(宋朝也),北至燕京居圣安寺十二年(金朝也),北至上京大储庆寺二十年(元朝也),南还燕京内殿居五十四年(元朝也),丁丑岁三月,燕宫火。迎还圣安寺之居。居五十九年。世宗至元十二年,迎奉于万寿山仁智殿。同十四年建大圣万安寺,同二十六年自仁智殿迎安寺之后殿。其后二十七年,仁宗延佑三年,敕建栴檀瑞像殿。”(此记载于稽古史略四、宋宁宗录中)。
龙兴寺《佛学大辞典》
(寺名)唐玄宗敕天下诸郡建开元寺龙兴寺。见佛祖统纪五十三。
龙军《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Nāgasena,菩萨名。即那先比丘也。佛灭后出世,立佛不说法之义。俱舍论三十曰:“若有大德,名曰龙军,三明六通具八解脱。”深密经疏一曰:“那伽犀那,此云龙军,即是旧翻三身轮主。彼说佛果唯有真如及真如智,无色声等尘相功德。”见那先比丘条。
龙华《佛学大辞典》
(术语)法苑珠林曰:弥勒为佛时,于龙华树下坐。华枝如龙头,故名。亦云种出龙宫,故曰龙华树。详见“龙华会”条。
龙华三会《佛学大辞典》
(术语)弥勒佛于华林园中龙华树下成道,开三番法会,度尽上中下三根之众生,故曰龙华三会。罗什译之弥勒下生经曰:“坐龙华菩提树下,得阿耨多罗三藐三菩提。在华林园,其园纵广一百由旬,大众满中。初会说法,九十六亿人得阿罗汉。第二大会说法,九十四亿人得阿罗汉。第三大会说法,九十二亿人得阿罗汉。弥勒佛既转法轮,度天人已,将诸弟子入城乞食。”增一阿含经四十四曰:“尔时去雉头城不远,有道树名曰龙华。高一由旬,广五百步。时弥勒菩萨坐彼树下成无上道果。(中略)尔时弥勒初会八万四千阿罗汉,第二会有九十四亿人,第三之会九十二亿人民,皆是阿罗汉,亦复是我遗法弟子。”心地观经二曰:“若有得闻此心地观报四恩品,(中略)若命终时即得往生弥勒内宫,睹白毫相,超越生死。龙华三会,当得解脱。”
龙华会《佛学大辞典》
(术语)弥勒菩萨今在兜率天内院,经当来五十六亿七千万年于此土出世,在华林园中龙华树下开法会,普度人天,谓之龙华会,中世身化龙身,又入禅定,以待龙华会。荆楚岁时记曰:四月八日,诸寺各设斋,以五香水浴佛,作龙华会,以为弥勒下生之征。刘禹锡诗曰:“支公去已久,寂寞龙华会。”
龙华寺《佛学大辞典》
(寺名)茶香室丛钞曰:水经泗水篇注云:泗水西有龙华寺,是沙门释法显,远出西域,浮海东还,持龙华图,首创此制。法流中夏,自法显始也。据此,则龙华寺,实中国第一佛寺矣。
龙华忏法《佛学大辞典》
(书名)一卷,明如惺集。说祈念弥勒菩萨忏悔罪障之作法。
龙华树《佛学大辞典》
(植物)弥勒佛成道时之道树也。梵名,奔那伽。弥勒大成佛经曰:“枝如宝龙,吐百宝华。”大日经疏七曰:“奔那伽是龙树华,弥勒世尊于此树下成佛,其直云龙华者,是龙中所尚之花,西方颇有其种。”
龙天《佛学大辞典》
(杂语)八部中之龙众与天众也。又龙树天亲之二菩萨也。
龙奋迅三昧《佛学大辞典》
(术语)此三昧之力,能如龙之奋迅,现勇猛之威势也。正宗记龙树章曰:“即入龙奋迅三昧,据身空中,如日轮相,然后复本座示寂。”
龙女《佛学大辞典》
(异类)娑竭罗龙王Sāgara-nāgarāja之女,八岁,诣灵鹫山,现成佛之相。法华经提婆品曰:“尔时文殊师利坐千叶莲华,大如车轮。俱来菩萨亦坐宝莲华,从大海娑竭罗龙宫,自然涌出,住虚空中。诣灵鹫山,从莲华下,至佛前,头面敬礼二世尊(释迦与多宝)足。(中略)智积菩萨问文殊师利言:此经甚深微妙,诸经中宝,世所希有,众生勤加精进,修行此经,有速得佛者否?文殊师利言有。娑竭罗龙王女,年始八岁,智慧利根,善知众生诸根行业,得陀罗尼。诸佛所说甚深秘藏,悉能受持,深入禅定,了达诸法,于刹那顷,发菩提心,得不退转。(中略)智积菩萨言:我见释迦如来于无量劫难行苦行,积功累德,求菩提道,未曾止息。(中略)然后乃得成菩提道。不信此女于须臾顷,便成正觉。言论未讫时,龙王女忽于现前,头面礼敬。(中略)尔时舍利弗语龙女言:谓汝不久得无上道,是事难信,所以者何?女身垢秽,非是法器。云何能得无上菩提?佛道悬旷,经无量劫,勤苦积行,具修诸度,然后乃成。又女人身犹有五障。(中略)云何女身速得成佛?尔时龙女有一宝珠,价直三千大世界,持以上佛。佛即受之。龙女谓智积菩萨尊者舍利弗言:我献宝珠,世尊纳受,此事疾不?答言甚疾。女言以汝神力,观我成佛,复速于此。当时众会皆见龙女忽然间变为男子,具菩萨行,即往南方无垢世界,坐宝莲华,成等正觉,三十二相,八十种好,普为十方一切众生演说妙法。”
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