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Term Definition
帝释《佛学大辞典》
(天名)忉利天之主也,居须弥山之顶喜见城,统领他之三十二天(忉利天译三十三天),梵名释迦提桓因陀罗Śakra devānām indra,略云释提桓因。新译之梵名,释迦提婆因达罗。释迦译能,天帝之姓,提桓者天,因陀罗者帝,即能天帝也,今反转梵语而谓为帝释,胎藏界曼荼罗释迦院之一众也。大日经一曰:“初方释天王,安住妙高山,宝冠被璎珞,持跋折罗印,及诸余眷属,慧者能分布。”同疏五曰:“于东方五顶之南当画因陀罗释天之主,坐须弥山,天众围绕。首戴宝冠,身被种种璎珞,持跋折罗。及诸余眷属,谓舍指夫人,及六欲天等,是如图中所示也。”法华义疏二曰:“释提桓因者,具足外国语应云释迦提桓因陀罗,释迦为能,提桓为天。因陀罗为主,以其在善法堂治化称会天心,故为能天主。”法华玄赞二曰:“梵云释迦提婆因达罗,释迦,姓也,此翻为能。提婆,天也。因达罗,帝也。正云能天帝。释提桓因,云天帝释,俱讹倒也。此在妙高山顶而住,三十三天之帝主也。过去字憍尸迦,此云茧儿,名阿摩揭陀。此云此毒害,即摩揭陀国过去帝释修因之处用为国名。”
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