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Term Definition
国师《佛学大辞典》
(职位)谓一国之师也。原非专封佛徒,如王莽以刘歆为国师,时称国师公。后汉书,赵典笃学博闻,宜备国师,六朝时称国子祭酒为国师,儒生亦得称国师也。至北齐文宣帝始以高僧法常为国师,降及元明,佛徒封国师者尤多。僧史略中曰:“西域之法,推重其人,内外攸同正邪俱有。昔尼犍子信婆罗门法,国王封为国师。(中略)声教东渐,唯北齐有高僧法常,初演毗尼有声邺下,后讲涅槃并受禅教,齐王崇为国师。国师之号自常公始也。”

又(人名)六祖慧能大师法嗣,西京光宅寺慧忠国师。既得心印,居南阳白崖山党子谷四十余岁,不下山门。唐肃宗闻其道行,敕令入京,以师礼待之,因称国师。见传灯录五。

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