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Term Definition
渐顿教《佛学大辞典》
(术语)有二种:一以渐教顿教判一代教也。一华严之清凉以华严经为顿教法华经为渐顿教是也。前之渐顿教者,陈真谛三藏等以渐顿二教,判一代教。渐悟菩萨,先习小乘,后回心向大,而学大乘,佛对此机所说之诸经为渐教。鹿园以下之大小乘经是也。此中之小乘为渐教小乘,而大乘为渐教大乘。直入顿悟之菩萨,直乐佛果,发心修行,佛对此机直说大乘,此为顿教。华严经是也。依此义,则如法华涅槃,固为渐教之所摄也。法相宗用渐顿之名。又天台宗以化仪之四教,判法华以前之经,有顿教渐教之名,即据此义。然天台智者以五双判止观,其中渐顿之一双,就法门之体而论之。圆教为顿足顿极成佛之法,故谓之顿教,藏通别三教为次第渐入成佛之法,故谓之渐教。故自天台言之,华严经自化仪之上虽为顿教,而自化法之上则兼说别圆二教,因而可谓于顿教兼渐教。法华为纯圆之法,故唯可谓为顿教。华严宗之清凉,则以为华严经所化之机为顿,所说之法亦为顿,故可谓为顿顿。法华经所说之法为顿,而所化之机为渐,故可谓为渐顿。止观三曰:“四明渐顿者,渐名次第,藉浅由深,顿名顿足顿极。”
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