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Term Definition
眷属妙《佛学大辞典》
(术语)天台所立法华迹门十妙之第九。受如来之法者,助如来之化者,总为如来之眷属。分别之有五种:一理性眷属,众生与佛,本来一如,理性平等,自然相关。是不关于结缘,虽不结缘,皆是子也。二业生眷属,由往昔闻法之善业,今生于佛世受道得度者。于大通佛所结缘,尔来至今日为受化之众生是也。三愿生眷属,尝起生于此佛出世之誓愿,由此宿愿而今或为亲,或为怨,见佛闻法者。四神通眷属,先世既值佛而发真见谛,而生犹未尽,或在上界,或在他方,今闻佛之出世以通力来生此界,或为亲,或为怨,以辅佛之行化,自断余残之惑者。五应生眷属,既断无明之惑,得法身之本,能起应入于生死,导引众生,使向于佛道者,如摩耶是千佛之母,罗睺罗是千佛之子,诸声闻悉内秘外现,皆是法身之菩萨应缘而生者,故云应生。玄义六下曰:“譬如父母遗体,揽此成身得为天性。性亲爱,故名眷。更相臣顺,故名属。行者亦然。受戒之时说此戒法授于前人,前人听闻即得发戒,师弟所由生也。禅亦如是,授安心法,如教修行,即得发定,是为我师。我是弟子,慧亦如是。说诸法门转入人心,由法成亲,亲故则信,信故则顺,是名眷属也。”
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