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Term Definition
苦集灭道《佛学大辞典》
(术语)即四谛也。苦集二者如上。灭者谓灭生死苦果之涅槃。道者谓可得涅槃果之正道。盖苦集灭道者为世间与出世间,即生死与涅槃之一双因果,苦为生死之果,集为生死之因,灭为涅槃之果,道为涅槃之因也。但先果而后因者,以果显著易知,因幽微难知故也。此四种之理,皆是真实,故云谛。声闻乘之人,观此四谛之理厌生死,乐涅槃,以断烦恼(集谛)而证涅槃(灭谛)也。见“四谛”条。按法界次第云:苦以逼恼为义。一切有为心行,常为无常患累之所迫恼,故名为苦。集以招聚为义。若心与结业相应,未来定能招集生死之苦,故名为集。灭以灭无为义。结业既尽,则不为生死之患累,故名为灭。道以能通之义。有二种:一正道。实观三十七道品,三解脱门,缘理慧行,名为正道。二助道。得解观中种种诸对治法及诸禅定,皆是助道。此二相扶,能通涅槃。故名为道。
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