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Term Definition
密教四无量观《佛学大辞典》
(术语)千手轨所说。一慈无量观,是东方普贤菩萨之三摩地,普贤菩萨即金刚萨埵,东方四菩萨之首也。而在五智为法界体性智大圆镜智二智所摄,九识摄于八识时,第九识摄于第八识,五智摄于四智时,法界智摄于大圆镜智也。行者先住于慈无量定,以勤净之心遍观六道四生之一切有情,皆具六大四曼之如来,具身口意之三金刚,此时行者起大慈曰:今以我修三密之功德,愿使一切有情等同普贤菩萨,作此观已,诵大慈三摩地之真言。唵,摩诃昧咀罗夜,娑颇罗(唵义如常,摩诃昧咀罗夜者大慈之义,娑颇罗者普贤之义)。二悲无量观,是南方虚空藏菩萨之三摩地,虚空藏者,南方四菩萨之最初宝菩萨也,在五智,为平等性智所摄。行者住于悲无量定,以悲愍之心,遍观六道四生之有情,沉没于生死之苦海,不悟自心,妄起分别,起种种之烦恼,是以不达真如平等虚空过恒沙之功德,故愿使一切有情等同虚空藏菩萨。如是观已,诵大悲三摩地之真言。唵。摩诃迦鲁拏夜。裟颇罗(摩诃迦鲁拏夜者大悲之义,余同上)。三喜无量观,是西方观自在菩萨之三摩地,观自在者,西方四菩萨之最初法菩萨也,在五智,为妙观察智所摄,行者住于大喜无量定,以清净之心遍观六道四生之众生,本来清净,犹如莲华之不染客尘,自性清净,愿以我修三密之功德力,使一切众生等同观自在菩萨(此中所以以喜无量为清净心者,以若于众生,生嫉妒者,其心浊秽,若离嫉妒,则其心清净故也。故大乘义章曰:但为利生心清不浊名为喜),作此观已,诵大喜三摩地之真言:唵,秫驮,钵罗谟,娜,裟颇罗(秫驮者清净之义,钵罗谟者观之义,娜者喜之义,余同上)。四舍无量观,是北方虚空库菩萨之三摩地,虚空库菩萨者北方四菩萨之最初业菩萨也,又在五智为成所作智所摄。行者住于舍无量定以平等心(是舍也)遍观六道四生之众生,皆离我我所于法平等,心本不生,愿以我所修三密之功德,使一切众生等同虚空库菩萨。作此观已,诵舍无量三摩地之真言:唵,摩护,闭乞洒,娑颇啰(摩护者无量之义,闭乞洒者舍之义)。见秘藏记本,同钞四。
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