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Term Definition
瞿昙《佛学大辞典》
(杂名)Gautama,旧称瞿昙,俱谭具谭等。新称乔答摩。释种之姓,古来佛姓,称瞿昙甘蔗,日种,释迦,舍夷之五种。论其异同有诸说。十二游经举瞿昙与舍夷二名之因缘,梵志瞿昙之弟子曰瞿昙,世人称为小瞿昙。为贼所杀(在甘蔗园或甘蔗果园),师知之以尸和泥为两团,咒十月,成一男一女,以瞿昙为姓,又名舍夷。佛本行集经谓净饭六代之祖被射杀,从血块生二茎之甘蔗,次生一男一女,姓为甘蔗,别称为日种,四子移于北,倡释迦姓,其别称日舍夷,佛为甘蔗王īkṣvāku之末,瞿昙乃姓。日种Sūryavaṁsa中之释迦族Śākya,故有此称。舍夷宜为Sāki(释迦之女性名词),又瞿昙之意味,天台以为纯淑。见文句一下。慧苑以为最胜。慈恩以为日炙种,泥土种(二十唯识述记下同上)。法华玄赞九曰:“若毁之曰泥土种牛粪种。”此以Gautama,误为Gomati之名也。
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