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Term Definition
萨婆多部鼻祖迦旃延《佛学大辞典》
(人名)智度论二曰:“佛后百年,阿输迦王,作般阇于瑟大会。诸大法师,论议异故,有别部名字。从是以来,展转至姓迦旃延婆罗门道人,智慧利根,尽读三藏内外经书。欲解佛法,故作发智经八犍度。”是即发智论也。光记一曰:“至三百年末,迦多衍尼子造发智论,二万五千颂。”婆薮槃豆传曰:“佛灭后五百年中(了义灯一,作三百年),有阿罗汉,名迦旃延子。母姓迦旃延,从母为名。先于萨婆多部出家,本是天竺人,后往罽宾国。罽宾在天竺西北,与五百阿罗汉及五百菩萨,共撰集萨婆多部阿毗达磨,制为八伽兰他,即此世间云八犍度,(中略)亦称此文为发慧论。”案迦旃延之年代槃豆传之五百,照了义灯之文,则五为三之写误也。考其他诸书皆为三百年出世,且以之为上座部小乘初分为二之源由。宗轮论曰:“其上座部经尔所时,一味和合(谓阿输迦王时,小乘初分上座大众二部以来)。三百年初,有少乖诤,分为两部。一说一切有部,亦名说因部。二即本上座部,转名云山部。”同述记曰:“上座部本弘经藏,以为上首,以律对法,为后弘宣。(中略)至三百年初,迦多衍尼子出世,于上座部出家。先弘对法,后弘经律。既乖上座本旨,所以斗诤纷纭,名少乖诤。”三论玄义曰:“从迦叶至寝者柯,二百年已来无异部。至三百年初,迦旃延尼子出世,便分成两部:一上座弟子部,二萨婆多部。”
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