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Term Definition
舍利弗《佛学大辞典》
(人名)Śāriputra,又作舍利弗多,舍利弗罗,舍利子,新作舍利弗多罗,舍利富多罗,舍利补怛罗。舍利者母之名,弗或弗多者,弗多罗之略,子之义也。为舍利女之子,故曰舍利弗,舍利子。又父名云优婆提舍,故从父而称之曰优婆提舍。然母名之为舍利,古来有二释,一为鸟名。译曰秋露,鹙鹭,鸲鹆,鹆,鹙,百舌鸟。或言母之眼似彼鸟,或言母之才辩犹如鹙鹭,故以为名。法华玄赞一曰:“梵云舍利弗呾罗。言舍利弗者,讹也。舍利云鹙,即百舌鸟,亦曰春。弗呾罗,言子。以母才辩喻如鹙鸟,此是彼子,以母显之,故云鹙子。复名优婆提舍,以能论议故,兼得彼名。”嘉祥法华义疏一曰:“从母立名,母以眼似舍利鸟眼,故名母名舍利,其母于众女人中聪明第一,以世人贵重其母,故呼为舍利子。古经名鹙鹭子,鹙鹭子犹取鸟名也。或言舍利鸟似鹙鹭也。父名提舍。逐父为名,故名优婆提舍。优婆者逐也。提舍者星名也。”玄应音义二十一曰:“舍利子,梵言奢利富多罗,或言舍利弗多罗,此梵音转耳。舍利母名,眼之青睛名舍利,又母眼似鹆眼,因以名焉。经中或言鹙鹭子者,一义也。”大明度经曰:“秋露子。”出三藏记一曰:“旧经舍利子亦秋露子,新经舍利弗。”俱舍宝疏一曰:“舍利,此云百舌鸟。子,是唐言也。”二舍利。译曰身,又译珠,以母之身形好妙,故名为身,又母之聪明在眼珠,故名为珠。法华文句一曰:“舍利弗,具存应言舍利弗罗。此翻身子,又翻舍利为珠。其母于女人中聪明,聪明相在眼珠。珠之所生,故是珠子。又翻身。此女好形身,身之所生,故言身子。”然舍利译为身者,与设利罗讹言之舍利混同,是讹也。慧苑音义下曰:“奢唎补怛罗,此云鹙鹭子。旧翻为身子者,谬也。梵本中呼身为设利罗,故知悬别也。”玄应音义四曰:“奢利富多罗,此译云鸲鹆子,从母为名也。母眼似鹆,或如秋露鸟眼,因以名焉。旧云身子者,谬也。身者舍黎,与此奢利声有长短,故有斯谬。或言优婆提舍者,从父名子也。”舍利弗者,与目连皆为佛弟子中最重用之一人。其出家之因缘,本为外道。逢师死,茫茫求道,于途上见马胜比丘安序而走,比丘说“因缘所生法”之偈,遂出家。
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