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Term Definition
四天王《佛学大辞典》
(天名)为帝释之外将。须弥山之半腹有一山,名由犍陀罗。山有四头,四王各居之,各护一天下,因之称为护世四天王。其所居云四王天。是六欲天之第一,天处之最初也。称为四天王天Caturmahārājakāyikās,东持国天Dhṛitarāṣṭra,南增长天Virūḍhaka,西广目天Virūpākṣa,北多闻天Dhanada,又云Vaiśramaṇa。长阿含经曰:“东方天王,名多罗吒,领干闼婆及毗舍阇神将,护弗婆提人。南方天王名毗琉璃,领鸠槃荼及薜荔神,护阎浮提人。西方天王名毗留博叉,领一切诸龙及富单那,护瞿耶尼人。北方天王名毗沙门,领夜叉罗刹将,护郁单越人。”婆沙论谓四天王身长一拘卢舍四分之一。止持会集音义四王天曰:“东方持国天王,谓能护持国土,故居须弥山黄金埵。南方增长天王,谓能令他善根增长,故居须弥山琉璃埵。西方广目天王,谓以净天眼常观拥护此阎浮提,故居须弥山白银埵。北方多闻天王,谓福德之名闻四方,故居须弥山水晶埵。”
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