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Term Definition
突吉罗《佛学大辞典》
(术语)又云突膝吉栗多,突瑟ㄦ理多Duṣkṛta,独柯多(巴)Dukkaṭa。戒律之罪名也。四分律分之为身口二业,而译为恶作(身业)恶说(口业)明了论,合身口二业译曰恶作(恶作之作,以意名,以依意之作动而起身口二业故也),行事钞中之一曰:“善见云:突者,恶也。吉罗,作也。声论正音突膝吉栗多。”戒本疏一下曰:“名突吉罗者,如律本云恶作恶说也。分身口业故有斯目。明了论中二业一名,俱为恶作,身口为非,无非鼓动故也。”又名式叉伽罗尼,义翻曰应当学,又称百众学,此戒名微细而难犯,当能学习,故云学。其戒品数多,故云众。其中(二百五十戒中)但列举百戒,故云百。盖突吉罗之名就过之边而言,式叉伽罗尼之名就行之边而言也。
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