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Term Definition
夏腊《佛学大辞典》
(术语)又曰夏腊,法腊。比丘之年岁也。比丘每岁为九旬之安居,由其安居之数,以算法龄,称曰法腊几岁,故安居中与安居竟之日,犹如世俗之旧腊与岁首。此所以用夏腊之字也。以此夏腊之多少而定僧中之长幼。月灯三昧经六曰:“当问其夏腊。”僧史略下曰:“经律中以七月十六日是比丘五分法身生来之岁首,则七月十五日是腊除也。比丘出俗,不以俗年为计,乃数夏腊耳。经律又谓十五日为佛腊日也。”蔡邕独断曰:“腊者岁之终也。”贾岛诗曰:“夏腊今应三十余。”
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